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Robin Hood's Stone (Barnsdale)

Locality
Coordinates Near53.601512, -1.219883?
Adm. div. West Riding of Yorkshire
Vicinity In Barnsdale
Type Natural feature
Interest Robin Hood name
Status Defunct
First Record 1422
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Indication of general area in which Robin Hood's Stone was probably located.

By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2013-07-07. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2018-07-16.

Recorded already in 1422, Robin Hood's Stone is located in or very near Barnsdale. Dobson & Taylor[1] followed Hunter[2] and Walker[3] in concluding that this was on the site of Robin Hood's Well. i.e. the well-spring, not the well house which was moved a little to the south-east in the early 1960's. As Holt[4] argued, the record evidence suggests a locality somewhere to the west of the Great North Road and north of the well but probably not very far from it. As noted by David Hepworth,[5] it is possible that the "stone of Robert Hode", which in the 1422 Evidence below is cited as a boundary marker, was simply named after the owner of the land on which it stood. This landowner may have been a peaceful and law abiding citizen, and his stone may then later have been reinterpreted as a memento of the famous outlaw. No such historical Robert Hood is known to have owned land in the area, but David Hepworth points to the existence of persons surnamed Od in the area in the late 14th century. However, stones carrying the full name of the owner of the land on which they stood do not seem to be at all common. The volumes of the English Place-Name Society published from the 1960's on include many field names; I do not recall ever seeing any other such name in them than the stone of Robert Hode. The position of the stone of Robert Hode can hardly be established with precision from the data in the 1422 record cited belowr, but it seems clear that all the land in question lay to the west of the Great North Road, and the stone does not appear to have been situated between the acres, but more probably just east of them, i.e. very close to the road. If accepted, this would suggest a position quite close to Robin Hood's Well.

Records

1422 - Stone of Robert Hode

[1422:]
Grant1 by John Jubbe of Wrangbrok and Richard Jubbe of Upton to John Pullene of Wrangbrok of a tenement in Wrangbrok built on as it lies between the cottage of the nuns of Hampole on the west and the land of Peter de la Hay on the east, and extends to the beck of the said vill towards the south, together with twelve acres of arable land lying in (fo. 182d) the fields and territory of Wrangbrok, Slepill, and Skelbrok; whereof one acre lies in Haverlands between the land of John Bargan on the north and the land of the monks of Bretton on the south, and a rood of land lies in the same field between the land of the John Jubbe on the west and the land of John Wodward on the east, another half acre lies in Mykilffurland between the land of William Lord on the west and the land of the said monks on the east, one rood lies in the same culture between the land of the said monks on the west and the land of William Shepherd on the east, another half acre lies in Le Estfeld between the land of William Bargan on either side, and one rood lies in the same culture between the land of John Jubbe on the west and the land of the said monks on the east, half a rood lies in the same field between the land of the said monks on either side, one acre [lies] in the same culture between the land of John Haitfeld on the west and the land of John Wodward on the east, half an acre lies in the same culture between the land of William Lord on the west and the land of William Bargan on the east, one acre lies between the land of the said monks on the north and the land of John Adamson on the south, half an acre lies in the same field between the land of William Bargan on the north and the land of the said monks on the south, one acre lies in the same culture between the land of the prioress of Hampall on the north and the land of William Lord on the south, half an acre lies in the same field between the land of the said monks on either side, half an acre lies in Slephill between the land of the said prioress on the west and the land of Richard Slephill on the east and abuts on Lynges of Skelbrok, half an acre lies in the same field between the land of John Adamson on the west and the land of the prioress on the east and abuts on Le Lynges aforesaid, half an acre lies in the same culture between the land of William Lord on the west and the land of Reginald Pullayne on the east and abuts on the aforesaid Lynges and upon the stone of Robert Hode2 towards [p. 106:] the north, an acre (fo.183) lies in the same field between the land of the said prioress on the west and the common land on the east and abuts upon their (the grantors') land towards the north, half an acre lies in the same field between the land of William Calthorn on the south and the land of the lord of Skelbrok on the north and abuts on their (the grantors') land towards the west, half an acre lies in the same field between the land of William Calthorn on the north and the land of the said lord on the north [sic] and abuts on the King's highway towards the east, half an acre lies between the land of William Calthorn on the north and the land of John Janyn on the south and abuts on the same highway to the east.1 To hold and to have to the said John Pulayne for his life, freely, quietly, etc., from the chief lords of that fee, by the services due and accustomed, rendering thence yearly to the lord of Burghwaleis 5d. and to the prior of Bretton 3s. 7d. And after the death of the said John, remainder to John his son and the heirs of his body; and if he shall die without such heir, remainder to the right heirs of John Polayne for ever. Witnesses, John Wentworth of Elmesall, William Lorde of Wrangbrok, Richard de Wrangbrok, and others. Dated at Wrangbrok, Sunday in the feast of Holy Trinity, 1322.2[6]

Gazetteers

Discussion

Notes

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