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Robin Hood's Well (High Park Wood, Moorgreen)

Locality
Coordinates 53.0374, -1.2605
Adm. div. Nottinghamshire
Vicinity c. 125 m NE of site of Beauvale Priory
Type Natural feature
Interest Robin Hood name
Status Extant
First Record 1851
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Robin Hood's Well, High Park Wood, Moorgreen, Nottinghamshire.
Basin at Robin Hood's Well / Courtesy Ross Parish, March 2013 or earlier.

By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2018-02-27. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2018-07-16. I am grateful to Ross Parish, author of books on English holy wells and a blog on the same topic, for photos and information.

Robin Hood's Well in High Park Wood, Moorgreen, Greasley civil parish, Nottinghamshire, is a spring known from D.H. Lawrence's Sons and Lovers (1913) and Lady Chatterley's Lover (1928). In the latter it appears under the name "John's Well".[1] It is situated c. 125 m NE of the site of Beauvale Priory, which is now farmland.[2]

The well is noted in the English Place-Name Society's volume on Nottinghamshire,[3] but without a source or date, which is probably an indication that no early source was known. The earliest reference I have found is dated 1851, while the earliest map to include the well that I have seen so far is a 6" O.S. map of the area published in 1880.

A report to the General Board of Health on the Sewerage, Drainage, and Supply of Water, and the Sanitary Condition of the Inhabitants of the Parish of Eastwood, and the Hamlets of Newthorpe, Moorgreen, and Brinsley, in the Parish of Greasley (1853) mentions the well no less than seven times, citing accounts and results of examinations carried out in 1851 and 1852.[4] The report is concerned mainly with technical matters, but it may be noted that while the two examinations of the well led to widely divergent estimates of the amount of water it would be able to supply, they did agree that this was much higher than was the case with the other springs in the area. Ross Parish notes that it is evident from old photos that there was a considerable water flow, but the water table must have been lowered since then, for the well is now "a sluggish spring", which "arises to flow into a mossy oval basin which is reached by steps down to one side".[2]

It is believed that the area around the well once served as the venue for Midsummer Eve dances. It was at that time kept as a lawn, but after the owner of the site decided to use it as a pheasantry – before 1928 when Lady Chatterley's Lover was published (see Quotations below) – the grass was let grow and the dancing stopped. If the site was thus once well known locally as the focal point of a seasonal festival, it has since become more widely known through its appearance, under its real name, in Sons and Lovers (see 1913 Allusion below) and as "John's Well" in Lady Chatterley's Lover, where the trysts between Lady Chatterley and the gamekeeper, Oliver Mellors, take place in the Gamekeeper's Hut (see image gallery below). Of this structure, which in part enclosed the well, only the foundations remain, and the site is inaccessible as it is situated in private woodland.[2]

Quotations

[D.H. Lawrence, Lady Chatterley's Lover (1928):]
The next afternoon she went to the wood again. She followed the broad riding that swerved round and up through the larches to a spring called John's Well. It was cold on this hillside, and not a flower in the darkness of larches. But the icy little spring softly pressed upwards from its tiny well-bed of pure, reddish-white pebbles. How icy and clear it was! Brilliant! The new keeper had no doubt put in fresh pebbles. She heard the faint tinkle of water, as the tiny overflow trickled over and downhill. Even above the hissing boom of the larchwood, that spread its bristling, leafless, wolfish darkness on the down-slope, she heard the tinkle as of tiny water-bells. This place was a little sinister, cold, damp. Yet the well must have been a drinking-place for hundreds of years. Now no more. Its tiny cleared space was lush and cold and dismal.
'Do you think there is a second key to that little hut not far from John's Well, where the pheasants are reared?’ she said. 'There may be. Why?' 'I happened to find it today — and I’d never seen it before. I think it’s a darling place. I could sit there sometimes, couldn't I?' 'Was Mellors there?' 'Yes! That’s how I found it: his hammering. He didn’t seem to like my intruding at all. In fact he was almost rude when I asked about a second key.'

She fled as much as possible to the wood. One afternoon, as she sat brooding, watching the water bubbling coldly in John’s Well, the keeper had strode up to her.

'I got you a key made, my Lady!' he said, saluting, and he offered her the key. 'Thank you so much!' she said, startled. 'The hut's not very tidy, if you don't mind,' he said. 'I cleared it what I could.' 'But I didn’t want you to trouble!' she said. 'Oh, it wasn’t any trouble. I am setting the hens in about a week. But they won’t be scared of you. I s'll have to see to them morning and night, but I shan't bother you any more than I can help.' 'But you wouldn't bother me,' she pleaded. 'I'd rather not go to the hut at all, if I am going to be in the way.'[5]

Allusions

1913 - Lawrence, D H - Sons and Lovers

Carston, Waite and Co. found they had struck on a good thing, so, down the valleys of the brooks from Selby and Nuttall, new mines were sunk, until soon there were six pits working. From Nuttall, high up on the sandstone among the woods, the railway ran, past the ruined priory of the Carthusians and past Robin Hood’s Well, down to Spinney Park, then on to Minton, a large mine among corn-fields; from Minton across the farm-lands of the valley side to Bunker’s Hill, branching off there, and running north to Beggarlee [p. 10:] and Selby, that looks over at Crich and the hills of Derbyshire; six mines like black studs on the countryside, linked by a loop of fine chain, the railway.[6]

Gazetteers

Sources

Maps

Well indicated and labelled on these maps.

Discussion

Background

Brief mention

Also see

Notes


Image gallery

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