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Criminals named Robin Hood (record texts)

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By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2015-08-28. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2018-11-01.

The items listed below concern (alleged) criminals named Robin Hood (Robert Hood, Robert Ode, Hobbehod etc.) whose main period of activity lay no later than 1500. In due course, it is hoped, the list will include all known records.

Records relating to criminals named Robin Hood

The following 7 records concern criminal Robin Hoods:

1242 - Robert Hode kills man at North Petherton

[1242:]
Walter Bragge, Robert Hode, William the little miller (le petit muner), and Margery his wife beat Jordan Heywulf' so that he died. William and Margery fled to the church of Perton' and abjured the realm. William was in the tithing of the Hospital of Perton'. Therefore it is in mercy. His chattels, 3s., for which the sheriff must answer. Walter and Robert have fled. Therefore let them be exacted and outlawed. They were in the same tithing. Therefore it is in mercy. They had no chattels.[1]

1254 - Robert Hod at Fawdington

[1254:]
Faldington Grange.a
Inquisition made concerning the foss thrown down and hedge rooted up (de fossato prostrato et sepe eradicata), and a certain parcel (quadam parte) of hay [carried away] and bars of the gate at the Grange of Faldinton in the moor called Pilemor, by William de Galmethorpe, Thomas Maunsel of Heton, . . . y, Walter de Thormodeby, Alan son of William of the same, Robert de Haumelake, Gilbert de Yserbeke, William de Percy of Bulmer (Bulem'), William de . . . dale, Robert de Brudeford, William son of Bartholomew of Thorny, and Osebert de Raskelfe, who say upon their oath that Richard de [Riparia], Henry his brother, Arundel servant of Richard, Simon Bercar', Serlo his brother, Walter son of Meg (fil' Megge), Robert Hod, Richard at town-end (ad exitum ville), W . . son of Richard Reeve (Ric'i prepositi), William Ossemund, Arundel the little (le Petit), Adam Smith, Thomas Fisher (le Peschur), Walter his son, Richard [his] brother, . . . .  . . . starde, Thomas Blerimund, Nicholas Edolf, John Servant (or Serjeant, serviens), of Neuburg', Robert Kirkland (de terra ecclesie) Robert de Honington, . . Henry P  . . . . of Theobald, Reginald de Brafferton, Adam son of Peter, Adam de Burton, Richard son of Peter, . .  . Richard . . . William son of William Long, Richardson of Al . . . . aunceys, Stephen de Husthwait . . ., William le Fevre, Thomas Trutes, Thomas at town-end (ad exitum ville), Peter son of Alice, A .   chur, John Trute, William son of Maud (Matill'), . . Geoffrey the Carpenter, Thomas the Carter, Ri . . . tute the younger, Thomas son of Richard de Rypar[ia], Henry Wal . . . . . . Robert le Messor, Simon de Esingwald, Reeve, Peter the Carter, Ralph Garcifer of Richard de Ripar[ia] John del . ., William son of Richard, . . . . elington, Thomas the Brewer (Braciator), Richard son of Thomas Belle, Stephen the Carter, John de Wald, Geoffrey . . Robert del Hil, E . . .  the Carpenter, Richard son of Serlo, Ranulph, Robert the Cowherd (vaccar') Robert Mercator, Walter the Tailor, Thomas the Potter, William de Canc . ., William son of Ralph of Brandesby, John Burell, William son of Herbert, Robert Neubonde, Gernan Reeve, Richard son of Juliana, Henry son of Hugh Reeve (prepositi), Geoffrey the Carpenter, Walter son of Thurstan, Adam de Crambun, Thomas Marshal, William Nyni, William Gardiner, John son of William Reeve (prepositi), William son of Sigrim, Hugh de Lillinge, Richard son of Herbert, and Geoffrey Milner, came with force and arms against the peace of the King, [p. 40:] while the Abbey of Byland was void, to the Grange of Faldington, and threw down a certain foss raised in Pilemor and rooted up a certain hedge. They say that as to bars carried away and hay carried away they know nothing and can make no inquiry.a[2]

1256 - Northumberland fugitive Robert Hode

[1256:]
Ricardus filius Willelmi de Thyrun' occidit Rogerum Pessun quadam sagitta quam traxit ad ipsum. Et Johannes statim fugit et malecreditur, ideo exigatur et utlagetur. Nulla habuit catalla. Et hutesium fuit levatum, et villata de Thyrun' non cepit ipsum, ideo in mis'. Et Robertus Hode et Petrus Tripet, attachiati eo quod prsesentes fuerunt cum praedicto Johanne, subtraxerunt se et non malecreduntur, ideo redeant si velint, set catalla eorum confiscantur pro fuga. Nulla habuerunt catalla.

[IRHB translation:]
Richard son of William of Thyrun' killed Roger Pessun with an arrow which he drew at him. And John immediately fled and is under suspicion, he is therefore put in exigend and outlawed. He had no chattels. The hue was cried, and the village of Thyrun' did not catch him, therefore they are in mercy. And Robert Hode and Peter Tripet who were attached because they were present with the said John withdrew and are not under suspicion, therefore they may return if they wish, but their chattels are confiscated beecause of [their] flight. They have no chattels.[3]

1279 - Robert Hode juror for Wark in Northumberland

[1279:]
VILLATA DE WERK. Rogerus le Pestur, ballivus, juratus.
Robertus Hode, jur'.

[IRHB translation:]
Vill of Wark. Roger Pestur, bailiff, sworn.
Robert Hode, jur[or].[4]

1340 - Robert Hode of Norfolk accused of trespass

[1340:]
  To the sheriff of Norfolk. Order to release Roger atte Touneshende,
Walter de Upgate, Henry son of Walter de Upgate, John Mous, Thomas
Huberd, John son of Thomas Huberd, John Nel, William Ferour, John
Ballard, Robert Weet, Thomas Ballard, Adam Godefrey, William le Neve,
Adam atte Chirche, John Derby, Thomas Stace, Henry Stace, John Pole,
Walter Jehon, John atte Touneshende, John Coldham, Peter Arnald,
John Rous, Adam Smyth, John Howard, Hugh A . . . Robert Hod,
John Kebel, Milo Tubbyng, Thomas Arnald and Henry atte Bek, men and
tenants of Laurence de Hastynges, earl of Pembroke, from prison if he find
mainpernors who will undertake to have them before the king on an
appointed day to answer for their trespass, and further to do and receive
what the king's court shall determine, as they have shown the king that
whereas Roger Cachenache and Richard le Gras implead them before the
king of a trespass committed on Roger and Richard by them, as is said, and
process being held thereupon because the sheriff returned before the king
that Roger and the others were not found and had nothing in the bailiwick
by which they could be distrained, the king ordered the sheriff by writ
de judicio returnable before the king a month from Easter next, to take
them, to answer Roger and Richard for the trespass ; and now they have
besought the king to order the taking of them to be superseded by a main-
prise, as they make continual stay in the county and have lands there where
they may be distrained, and they are ready to stand to right in the premises
on the said day in accordance with the law and custom of the realm.
                                  By p.s.[5]

1374 - Robert Hood of Middlesex

[26 July 1374:]
Commission to John Boterwyk, sheriff of Middlesex, David de Berdevill, Henry Traynel, John de Salesbury and John Bysouth, seqeants-at-mace, to arrest Robert Cavendyssh, John Hidigham, Thomas Branton, John Wespray, Simon Bereford, John Morewell, Richard Norhampton, John Peyk, Richard Ivy, Walter Guldeford, Robert Spelyng, John Halys, William Michel, John Hamstede, John Faucon, John Taryn, Thomas Fakenam, Robert Anton, John Grandon, William Bysude, William Ledys, Gilbert Forester, Thomas Pope, John Brokelee, John Walche, John Stalbrigge, John Orby, John West, John Kent, Benedict Wade, William Barton, John Woleward, Nicholas Kembere, William Catisby, Robert Aston, [p. 490:] Robert Nely, Simon Bucell, Henry Biriount, John Lane, Walter Wynchestre, Nicholas Nettilham, John Sharp, John Wolwirton, John Brandon, John Someri, John Lilie, Nicholas Neubolt, Roger Lucas, Simon Vinur, Richard Fitekyn, Richard Poche, John Topclif, John Stirbourne, William Walys, Richard Couke, Robert Duram, Thomas Strode, John Stekis, John Frend, Stephen Goldfynch, William Ocle, John atte Parke, John Salusbiri, Richard Shirboume, William Witby, William Schambir, Walter West, John Wodestoke, Walter Lucas, William Alret, John Fulbourne, John Sutfold, Richard Dancastre, John Honcler, John Clifford, Richard Baker, John Soutyng, Thomas Hamme, John Grenehell, Richard Sutton, Hugh Cursun, Thomas Langston, William Martlesham, John Wytbred, John Ermyn, John Helmele, Henry Juwet, John Kitteson, John Catour, Robert Hare, John Bynle, Martin Zonge, William Gillot, John Dobbys, Richard Little, John Lile, Richard Frere, Roger Kendale, John Freman, Robert Bladys, Robert Hedon, Reynold Man, Richard Bakere, William Cook, John atte Wode, John Causere, William Berkyng, Henry Cok, Thomas Croft, John Cristemasse, Richard Gerard, John Dodele, John Elene, John Herewell, John Dod, Ivo Serle, John Spencer, Richard Fuller, Robert Sewet, John Goudwyn, Thomas Fischere, John Froisel, Nicholas Cruce, Alexander Stephan, William Haunsel, John Cook, Thomas Skynnere, Thomas Prince, Simon Bakere, Hugh Toky, William Walter, William Leverik, John Poddyng, John Smyth, John Tredegold, John Brice, William Raulyn, 'page,' John Passelewe, John Bylet, John Coggere, Edmund Vyncent, Thomas Sneyth, Simon Hasse, Richard Thomme, John Sharp, Stephen Beneyt, John Belde, John Walyngton, John Barker, William Somer, William Bussh, John Hert, Benedict Neweland, Ellis Rekeman, William Flemyng, John Lambyn, William Catour, 'page,' Thomas Shippeman, 'page,' Thomas Staleworthyn, John Do, John Thomme, Thomas Salman, Robert Hood, Ralph Smyth, Geoffrey Perers, John Cheseman, 'page,' John More, John Berne, John Bode, John Bondys, Roger Zongwyne, Thomas Rolf, John Gaskwyn, Alan Coggare, John Stefnhache, Robert Barri, Nicholas Taillour, William Hudde, John Mois, Thomas Adam, Richard Pirye, 'archer,' Nicholas Dole, John Symond, ‘archer,’ John Furmyton, John Herdyng, John Jacmyn, 'archer,' Philip Yle, 'archer,' John Kencot, Philip Sampton, 'archer,' John Frere, Richard Byx, Henry Norkyn, John Reynold, 'archer,' John Edwyne, Ralph Denys, William Shepherd, John Sellay, John Pipere, William Sneyere, William Moys, 'archer,' John Wytle, 'archer,' Richard Souter, 'archer,' Thomas Bor, John Andreu, John Lenne, Thomas Surl, John Knetthere, Gilbert Hesne, John Cherryngherst, Nicholas Boydyn, John Boydyn, Thomas Page, Laurence Justice, John Zonge, Walter Zonge, Henry Tybbe, John Grene, John North, John Cornyssh, John Gallewere, Andrew Yasterlyng, Andrew Smert, John Person, Gilbert Trumplour, John Spriner, Thomas Alwyk, John Yol, Thomas Yol, John Wyther, John Malle, Thomas Brokman, John Colyn, John Sende, Simon Londyn, Robert Soleys, John Prison, John Arnold, William Huglot, William Spisour, Alexander Cook, John Aleyn, Thomas Elys, John Ecchere, John Short, John Corey, John Chelf, John Crippe, 'page,' John Soylard, 'page,' Thomas Iryssh, Andrew Mersey, Pernelt Laurence, Thomas Meynard, John de Baylle, Peter Gerard and William Richard, 'page,' and to bring [p. 491:] them to London and deliver them to the sheriffs for safe keeping in Neugate gaol until further order for their delivery. By K.[6]

1381 - Robert Hood of Coventry (2)

[1381:]
Item presentant quod Robertus Hood et lohannes Leycestre gurdeler die Iouis proximo ante festum sancti Nicholai anno regni Regis Ricardi secundi post conquestum quinto apud Couentre noctanter insultum et vnum homsokon fecerunt in Iohannem Burtenham taillour et ipsum verberauerunt et male tractauerunt contra pacem domini Regis.

[IRHB translation:]
Also they represent that on the night of the last Thursday before the feast of St Nicholas in the fifth year of the reign of king Richard, the second after the Conquest, Robert Hood and John Leicester, girdler, at Coventry assaulted and made hamsoken on John Burtenham, taylor, and beat and mistreated him contrary to the king's peace.[7]

Also see

Notes