|Area (1891)||5219.457352 km2|
"Public house","Natural feature","Natural feature","Natural feature","Natural feature",
"Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name",
By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2013-06-19. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2018-07-24.
The Historic Counties Trust describes Northumberland as follows:
Northumberland is a large county, very rural and very urban in its different parts. The coast of Northumberland stretches from the mouth of the Tyne to Berwick on Tweed. The Tynemouth is a major port, a busy industrial gateway, behind which is the Newcastle conurbation. North of the Tyne are a number of coastal towns but past Blythe is undisturbed rural Northumberland, where the coastline is generally low-lying and rocky, with numerous little bays. Bamburgh Castle sits perched on a precipitous rock; the first seat of the Northumbrian kings, though the castle itself is rather more recent. Opposite Bamburgh are the Farne Islands stretching into the North Sea, of which the largest and most famous is Lindisfarne or Holy Island, which was the first Christian missionary centre in Northumbria. Inland the bulk of the county is sparcely populated, a place of fells and dales amongst which the Cheviot Hills, spreading into Berwickshire, rise to 2,676 feet. Castles and peel towers abound; reminders of more lawless times. In complete contrast is Newcastle upon Tyne, one of the greatest cities of the kingdom. It sits on the north bank of the River Tyne, and thus on the boundary with County Durham. It is an industrial city, built on coal. Berwick-upon-Tweed is at the northernmost reach of Northumberland. On the north bank of the Tweed, there is still debate about whether it belongs to Northumberland at all, or to Bewwickshire, or whether it is a free burgh in neither. Hadrian's Wall crosses the south of Northumberland east to west, from Wallsend-on-Tyne out to the Solway coast in Cumberland; a remnant but an impressive one of the great Roman wall with forts and mile-castles dotted along it. Many Roman remains have been found along its length.
Main Towns: Alnwick, Berwick on Tweed, Haltwhistle, Hexham, Newbiggin-by-the-Sea, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Seaton Delaval, Tweedmouth, Tynemouth, Wallsend, Whitley Bay.
Main Rivers: Tyne, Coquet, Rede, Aln.
Highlights: Bamburgh Castle; Flodden Field battlefield; Hadrian's Wall; Newcastle city centre and quayside; Whitley Bay.
Highest Point: The Cheviot, 815.64 m.
Area: 5226.6 km2.
19th Century4 Robin Hood-related place-names first documented in the 19th century.
All localities5 Place-names and localities.
Lists and gazetteers
- Dobson, R.B., ed.; Taylor, J., ed. Rymes of Robyn Hood: an Introduction to the English Outlaw (London, 1976), p. 300.
- Histpop - The Online Historical Population Reports Website: Population. Administrative counties, England and Wales. Vol. I, 1891 – Page vi (University of Essex).
- Wikipedia: List of ancient counties of England by area in 1891 (adapted from 1891 census).
- The Historic Counties Trust has kindly allowed me to quote its county descriptions in toto. I have converted square miles to km2 and feet to meters.