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1253 - Somerset juror Robert Hude fined

Record
Date 1253
Topic Somerset juror Robert Hude fined for non-attendance

By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2013-08-16. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2018-10-18.

Record

[1253:]
The assize comes to recognize whether William de Bonevill' and Thomas Mogge unjustly, etc. disseised Robert, parson of the church of Sevenhampton', of his common of pasture in Dunington', which is appurtenant to his free tenement in the same vill, since the first, etc., and whereon it is complained that they disseised him of pasture for six oxen (boves), forty sheep, and one horse (affrum1) in his [William's] fallows and meadows, after the hay is carried, where he was always wont to have common with William's cattle without hindrance. William comes, and alleges nothing wherefor the assize should remain. The jurors say that William did disseise Robert of the said common as the writ says, and because his [Robert's] predecessor was is {sic} in seisin of the same common for six oxen, forty sheep, and one horse, and he, Robert, afterwards in the fallows and meadows, after the hay was taken, with the oxen of William until the same William disseised him; therefore it is considered that Robert should recover his seisin, and William is in mercy. Afterwards it is proved (convictum est) by the jurors that [William] took Robert's oxen and made them plough his land, and held them until now. Therefore [he is] in greater mercy (misericordia gravior). William's pledges for his amercement, John de Berewe and William Briz of Blakeford. Afterwards he made fine for 30s. And be it known that Robert de Horton', 2 Roger de Blokesworth,3 Osbert de Barinton,4 [p. 421:] Robert Hude, Richard de Kyngeston'. Roger de Cruce of Sevenhampton, Nicholas the clerk of Lapene, Hugh de Bruges, Roger de Stratton, and Thomas le Ostricer, jurors, have not come; therefore they are in mercy. Damages, 40s.[1]

Source notes

Brackets, except when indicating change of page, as in printed source.
MS ref.: Roll 178, membrane 21 (cf. Healey pp. 388, 419).
Note 1: "Affrus is an ox, or horse, for farm work."
Note 2: 'Over this name is written "infirmus.. The name is also underlined."'
Note 3: 'Over this name is written "non fuit in patria." This name is also underlined.'

IRHB comments

The entry is not dated in the source, but Healey (p. 388) notes that the cases on the roll date from 1251, 1253 and 1257. A case on membrane 17d is from 1253 (p. 414), and if membranes 17 to 19 were in their original sequence in Healey's day, the present case would seem to date from 1253.

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