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Thame festivals

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Festivals
Locality Thame
Vicinity c. 11 km SW of Aylesbury
Coordinate 51.74681, -0.974192
Adm. div. Oxfordshire
Began 1474/75
Ended 1501/02
Events Robin Hood's ales at Whitsun
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Thame.

By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2018-06-03. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2018-06-03.

Records

[1474/75:]
Ite. we recevyd of Robyn hodg Ale at Wytsontyde  xxvis ixd[1]


[1496/97:]
[14s. profits gathered by Robin Hood at the May Ale at Whitsun][2]


[1501/1502:]
[20s. gathered by Robin Hood at the May Ale at Whitsun][2]

Source notes

Entries in brackets are modern paraphrases of the original records.

IRHB comments

A fact not noted in the brief entries in the lists and gazetteers listed below is that the 1474/75 item is ambiguous. A reader who was unaware that parish fundraising in late medieval and early modern times was sometimes done in the name of Robin Hood would be inclined to read "hodg" as "Hodge" rather than "Hood".


In 1474/75, "Ite. we recevyd of ye chryche Ale at Wytsu'tyde  ciiis iiiid


In 1465, "It. we spende at John Huletes ale" ij [no denomination stated][3]

Unknown year, perhaps 1466 : "we spende at Hulets ale a general chapt'r day" 1d.[4]

In 1445, "we reseyved off ye chyrch all at Whyttson tyde " 10s.10d., while 3s4d. was gathered at a play on some unstated occasion.[5]

In 1452, "an alle at phyllyppys day & jakob" – St Phillip and St James the Less, 3 May[6] – brought in 10s.7d½d, while the income from "howyr hale at Wytsontyd" was 17s.[7]

In 1462, there was a play on some unknown occasion.[8]

In 1471/72 receipts included 15s.8d. "gathered at Wytsontyde from ye p'she"[9]. The Whitsun festival that year also involved expenses. John Payntor was paid 4d for "lyvarages at Wytsontide". These were painted badges, often called "liveries" or "small liveries", that people who took part in the festival or "ale" wore to show they had paid the sum – or some sum – required from participants. The sum of 16d was spent on "the book of Jacob and his 12 sons at Wytsontide".[10] The profit that year was therefore 14s.8d.

In 1488 receipts "against Wytsontide of ye May Ale all clere deductyng expènsys" amounted to 20s. There is mention of a play, but it is not clear on which occasion this took palcxe.[11]

In 1454, two entries for receipt of "May Sylver" from John Baker and Thomas Dagnale, respectively.[12]

Hocking money or hock money: 1456[13] 1458[14]

1471/72:[9] 1488[11]

Lists and gazetteers

Sources

Studies and criticism

Brief mention

Background

Notes

  1. Ellis, W. Patterson, transcr. 'The Churchwardens' Accounts of the Parish of St. Mary, Thame, Commencing in the Year 1442', The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Archæological Journal, New Series, vol. 20, pt. 4 (1915), pp. 115-19, see p. 22.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Singman, Jeffrey L. Robin Hood: The Shaping of the Legend (Contributions to the Study of World Literature, No. 92) (Westport, Connecticut; London, 1998), p. 181.
  3. Ellis, W. Patterson, transcr. 'The Churchwardens' Accounts of the Parish of St. Mary, Thame, Commencing in the Year 1442', The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Archæological Journal, New Series, vol. 14, pt. 1 (1908), pp. 25-28, see p. 28.
  4. Ellis, W. Patterson, transcr. 'The Churchwardens' Accounts of the Parish of St. Mary, Thame, Commencing in the Year 1442', The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Archæological Journal, New Series, vol. 16, pt. 3 (1910), pp. 87-89, see p. 89.
  5. Ellis, W. Patterson, transcr. 'The Churchwardens' Accounts of the Parish of St. Mary, Thame, Commencing in the Year 1442', The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Archæological Journal, New Series, vol. 9, pt. 4 (1904), pp. 117-20, see pp. 118, 119.
  6. Catholic Culture: Easter: May 3rd: Feast of Sts. Philip and James, apostles.
  7. Ellis, W. Patterson, transcr. 'The Churchwardens' Accounts of the Parish of St. Mary, Thame, Commencing in the Year 1442', The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Archæological Journal, New Series, vol. 9, pt. 3 (1903), pp. 75-78, see pp. 75, 76.
  8. Ellis, W. Patterson, transcr. 'The Churchwardens' Accounts of the Parish of St. Mary, Thame, Commencing in the Year 1442', The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Archæological Journal, New Series, vol. 10, pt. 2 (1904), pp. 35-38, see p. 57.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Ellis, W. Patterson, transcr. 'The Churchwardens' Accounts of the Parish of St. Mary, Thame, Commencing in the Year 1442', The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Archæological Journal, New Series, vol. 7, pt. 4 (1902), pp. 113-19, see p. 117
  10. Ellis, W. Patterson, transcr. 'The Churchwardens' Accounts of the Parish of St. Mary, Thame, Commencing in the Year 1442', The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Archæological Journal, New Series, vol. 7, pt. 4 (1902), pp. 113-19, see p. 118
  11. 11.0 11.1 Ellis, W. Patterson, transcr. 'The Churchwardens' Accounts of the Parish of St. Mary, Thame, Commencing in the Year 1442', The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Archæological Journal, New Series, vol. 9, pt. 2 (1903), pp. 51-57, see p. 53.
  12. Ellis, W. Patterson, transcr. 'The Churchwardens' Accounts of the Parish of St. Mary, Thame, Commencing in the Year 1442', The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Archæological Journal, New Series, vol. 10, pt. 4 (1905), pp. 105-107, see p. 105.
  13. Ellis, W. Patterson, transcr. 'The Churchwardens' Accounts of the Parish of St. Mary, Thame, Commencing in the Year 1442', The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Archæological Journal, New Series, vol. 10, pt. 1 (1904), pp. 19-24, see p. 19 (bis).
  14. Ellis, W. Patterson, transcr. 'The Churchwardens' Accounts of the Parish of St. Mary, Thame, Commencing in the Year 1442', The Berks, Bucks & Oxon Archæological Journal, New Series, vol. 10, pt. 1 (1904), pp. 19-24, see p. 21.