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Difference between revisions of "Cumberland place-names"

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{{PnAdmDivLandingSMW|Country=England|Demonym=English|AdmDiv=Cumberland|Abbrev=Cumb|Lat=54.746820492190885|Lon=-3.0523109436035156|CenterLat=54.68855420749008|CenterLon=-2.9742393456690097|zoom=8}}
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{{PnAdmDiv|Country=England|Demonym=English|AdmDiv=Cumberland|Abbrev=Cumb|Area=4052.008071|Population=117230|Lat=54.746820492190885|Lon=-3.0523109436035156|CenterLat=54.68855420749008|CenterLon=-2.9742393456690097|Zoom=8}}
<p id="byline">By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2017-02-21. Revised by {{#realname:{{REVISIONUSER}}}}, {{REVISIONYEAR}}-{{REVISIONMONTH}}-{{REVISIONDAY2}}.</p><div class="no-img">
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<p id="byline">By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2017-02-21. Revised by {{#realname:{{REVISIONUSER}}}}, {{REVISIONYEAR}}-{{REVISIONMONTH}}-{{REVISIONDAY2}}.</p>
<div id="flaggy">[[file:flag-cumberland.png]]</div>
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<div class="no-img">
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<div id="flaggy">[[File:flag-cumberland.png]]</div>
 
__TOC__
 
__TOC__
=== County description ===
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== County description ==
 
The Historic Counties Trust describes Cumberland as follows:
 
The Historic Counties Trust describes Cumberland as follows:
 
<div class="blockthorny"><p>Cumberland must be looked at in two parts, a highland area and a lowland, coastal area. The hills of Cumberland form a great part of the exquisite Lake District. Derwentwater, Buttermere and Crummockwater, Ennerdale Water, Wast Water, and part of Ullswater lie in Cumberland. Above them rise mountains, including England's highest mountain, Scafell Pike (3,210 feet). Also within Cumberland are Scafell, Skiddaw, Great Gable and Pillar. This is prime walking country for hardy souls. Beyond the green Eden valley, the Penines cross the east of Cumberland, with Cross Pell, 2,930 feet, the highest. In the north is Carlisle, a cathedral city, whose massive castle and fortifications against the Scots still dominate much of the town. In the rest of Cumberland fortified churches and "peel houses" are found, built as a defence not so much against the Scots as against reivers, who terrorised the border country before the Union. Cumberland's coast has industrial towns, though industry has faded, leaving urban deprivation a problem, particularly in Whitehaven which was once a major port for the Atlantic trade. The Sellafield nuclear power station at Seascale is a major employer.</p>
 
<div class="blockthorny"><p>Cumberland must be looked at in two parts, a highland area and a lowland, coastal area. The hills of Cumberland form a great part of the exquisite Lake District. Derwentwater, Buttermere and Crummockwater, Ennerdale Water, Wast Water, and part of Ullswater lie in Cumberland. Above them rise mountains, including England's highest mountain, Scafell Pike (3,210 feet). Also within Cumberland are Scafell, Skiddaw, Great Gable and Pillar. This is prime walking country for hardy souls. Beyond the green Eden valley, the Penines cross the east of Cumberland, with Cross Pell, 2,930 feet, the highest. In the north is Carlisle, a cathedral city, whose massive castle and fortifications against the Scots still dominate much of the town. In the rest of Cumberland fortified churches and "peel houses" are found, built as a defence not so much against the Scots as against reivers, who terrorised the border country before the Union. Cumberland's coast has industrial towns, though industry has faded, leaving urban deprivation a problem, particularly in Whitehaven which was once a major port for the Atlantic trade. The Sellafield nuclear power station at Seascale is a major employer.</p>
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'''Highlights:''' Carlile Castle & Cathedral; Castellrigg & Long Meg and her Daughters stone circles; Hadrien's Wall; Scafell Pike.<br/>
 
'''Highlights:''' Carlile Castle & Cathedral; Castellrigg & Long Meg and her Daughters stone circles; Hadrien's Wall; Scafell Pike.<br/>
 
'''Highest Point:''' Scafell Pike, {{FeetToM|3210}} m.<br/>
 
'''Highest Point:''' Scafell Pike, {{FeetToM|3210}} m.<br/>
'''Area:''' {{SquareMilesToKm2|1516}} km<sup>2</sup>.<ref>[http://www.county-borders.co.uk/ The Historic Counties Trust] has kindly allowed me to quote its [http://www.county-borders.co.uk/historiccountiestrust/descriptions.html county descriptions] ''in toto''. I have converted square miles to km<sup>2</sup> and feet to m.</ref></p></div>
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'''Area:''' {{SquareMilesToKm2|1516}} km<sup>2</sup>.<ref>[http://www.county-borders.co.uk/ The Historic Counties Trust] has kindly allowed me to quote its [http://www.county-borders.co.uk/historiccountiestrust/descriptions.html county descriptions] ''in toto''. I have converted square miles to km<sup>2</sup> and feet to meters.</ref></p></div>
  
{{PnAdmDivChronology|PageName={{PAGENAME}}}}
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{{PnAdmDivChronology}}
=== Lists and gazetteers ===
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== Lists and gazetteers ==
 
* {{:Dobson, Richard Barrie 1976a}}, p. 295
 
* {{:Dobson, Richard Barrie 1976a}}, p. 295
 
* {{:Armstrong, A M 1971a}}.
 
* {{:Armstrong, A M 1971a}}.
  
=== Background ===
+
== Background ==
 
* [http://www.county-borders.co.uk/historiccountiestrust/descriptions.html The Historic Counties Trust: Historic Counties Descriptions]
 
* [http://www.county-borders.co.uk/historiccountiestrust/descriptions.html The Historic Counties Trust: Historic Counties Descriptions]
 
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumberland Wikipedia: Cumberland].
 
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumberland Wikipedia: Cumberland].
  
=== Notes ===
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== Neighbours ==
 +
* [[Durham place-names|Durham]]
 +
* [[Northumberland place-names|Northumberland]]
 +
* [[Westmorland place-names|Westmorland]]
 +
 
 +
== Notes ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
  

Latest revision as of 13:35, 20 May 2019

Adm. div.
Full name Cumberland
Abbreviation Cumb
Coordinate 54.74682, -3.052311
Area (1801) 4052.008071 km2[1]
Population (1801) 117230[1]
Loading map...
Localities named after Robin Hood (or members of his band) in Cumberland. Click cluster marker for locality markers. Click locality marker for link to page. Historical county boundary coordinates provided by the Historic Counties Trust.
Viewing choropleth • View choropleth • View choropleth • About the choropleths. County boundary data provided by the Historic Counties Trust.

"Building","Public house","Prehistoric site","Natural feature","Thoroughfare","Establishment","Building","Building","Area","Building","Public house","Establishment","Establishment","Establishment","Establishment","Natural feature","Prehistoric site","Natural feature","Natural feature","Natural feature",

"19th","19th","20th","21st","21st","19th","20th","20th","21st","20th","19th","19th","19th","20th","21st","19th","16th","19th","19th","19th",

"Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name",

"Extant","Defunct","Extant","Extant","Extant","Defunct","Extant","Extant","Extant","Defunct","Extant","Defunct","Defunct","Defunct","Extant","Extant","Extant","Extant","Extant","Defunct",

Robin Hood's Butt (Askerton)¤1598|Robin Hood (Distington)¤1839|Robin Hood Colliery (Flimby)¤1855|Robin Hood Pit (Flimby) (1)¤1855|Robin Hood's Well (Catterlen)¤1857|Robin Hood (Bassenthwaite)¤1867|Robin Hood Wood (Bassenthwaite)¤1867|Robin Hood's Chair (Ennerdale Water)¤1867|Robin Hood Inn (Smithfield)¤1868|Robin Hood's Well (Askerton)¤1868|Robin Hood Pit (Flimby) (2)¤1897|Robin Hood Riding Centre (Bassenthwaite)¤1976|Robin Hood House (Bassenthwaite)¤1982|Robin Hood (Langwathby)¤1989|Robin Hood Sawmill (Bassenthwaite)¤2002|Robin Hood Beck (Bassenthwaite)¤2005|Robin Hood Beck Bridge (Bassenthwaite)¤2005|Robin Hood Holiday Park (Bassenthwaite)¤2015|

By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2017-02-21. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2019-05-20.

Flag-cumberland.png

County description

The Historic Counties Trust describes Cumberland as follows:

Cumberland must be looked at in two parts, a highland area and a lowland, coastal area. The hills of Cumberland form a great part of the exquisite Lake District. Derwentwater, Buttermere and Crummockwater, Ennerdale Water, Wast Water, and part of Ullswater lie in Cumberland. Above them rise mountains, including England's highest mountain, Scafell Pike (3,210 feet). Also within Cumberland are Scafell, Skiddaw, Great Gable and Pillar. This is prime walking country for hardy souls. Beyond the green Eden valley, the Penines cross the east of Cumberland, with Cross Pell, 2,930 feet, the highest. In the north is Carlisle, a cathedral city, whose massive castle and fortifications against the Scots still dominate much of the town. In the rest of Cumberland fortified churches and "peel houses" are found, built as a defence not so much against the Scots as against reivers, who terrorised the border country before the Union. Cumberland's coast has industrial towns, though industry has faded, leaving urban deprivation a problem, particularly in Whitehaven which was once a major port for the Atlantic trade. The Sellafield nuclear power station at Seascale is a major employer.

Main Towns: Alston, Brampton, Cockermouth, Carlisle, Keswick, Maryport, Penrith, Whitehaven, Wigton, Workington.
Main Rivers: Eden, Derwent, Esk, Duddon.
Highlights: Carlile Castle & Cathedral; Castellrigg & Long Meg and her Daughters stone circles; Hadrien's Wall; Scafell Pike.
Highest Point: Scafell Pike, 978.41 m.
Area: 3926.42 km2.[2]

Chronology

16th Century

1 Robin Hood-related place-name first documented in the 16th century.

19th Century

10 Robin Hood-related place-names first documented in the 19th century.

20th Century

5 Robin Hood-related place-names first documented in the 20th century.

21st Century

4 Robin Hood-related place-names first documented in the 21st century.

All localities

20 Place-names and localities.

Place-name clusters

3 Clusters of Robin Hood place-names, localities with local traditions, literary locales etc.

Lists and gazetteers

Background

Neighbours

Notes