Robin Hoods in Wakefield Manor Court Rolls (record texts)

From International Robin Hood Bibliography
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From east to west, localities discussed on this page: Stanley, Newton, Wakefield, Alverthorpe, Hipperholme, and Sowerby.
The Manor of Wakefield / Briginshaw Family. Click to enlarge.
{"pagename":"1307 - Robert Hod of Alverthorpe","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1307},{"pagename":"1308 - Robert Hod of Alverthorpe","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1308},{"pagename":"1308 - Robert Hodde of Alverthorpe","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1308},{"pagename":"1308 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1308},{"pagename":"1308 - Robert Hode of Newton (Alverthorpe)","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1308},{"pagename":"1308 - Robert son of John Hodde of Sowerby","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1308},{"pagename":"1309 - Robert Hod of Wakefield (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1309},{"pagename":"1309 - Robert Hod of Wakefield (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1309},{"pagename":"1309 - Robert Hod of Wakefield (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1309},{"pagename":"1309 - Robert Hode of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1309},{"pagename":"1309 - Robert Hode of Alverthorpe (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1309},{"pagename":"1313 - Robert Hodde and Robert Hood of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1313},{"pagename":"1313 - Robert son of John Hodde of Sowerby injured","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1313},{"pagename":"1314 - Robert Hodd of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1314},{"pagename":"1314 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1314},{"pagename":"1314 - Robert son of John Hodde of Sowerby (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1314},{"pagename":"1314 - Robert son of John Hodde of Sowerby (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1314},{"pagename":"1315 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1315},{"pagename":"1315 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1315},{"pagename":"1315 - Robert Hoode of Stanley","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1315},{"pagename":"1315 - Robert and Robert sons of John Hood","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1315},{"pagename":"1316 - John son of Robert Hode of Sowerby","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hod of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (4)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hood of Newton","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hoode","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert and Matilda Hade of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert and Matilda Hood of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert and Robert sons of John Hood","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1317 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1317},{"pagename":"1317 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1317},{"pagename":"1317 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1317},{"pagename":"1317 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1317},{"pagename":"1323 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1323},{"pagename":"1323 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1323},{"pagename":"1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1323},{"pagename":"1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1323},{"pagename":"1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1323},{"pagename":"1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (4)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1323},{"pagename":"1324 - Robert Hood (Wakefield Manor)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1324},{"pagename":"1324 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1324},{"pagename":"1324 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1324},{"pagename":"1324 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1324},{"pagename":"1324 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1324},{"pagename":"1325 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1325},{"pagename":"1325 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1325},{"pagename":"1329 - Robert Hood of Newton","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1329},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hodde of Sowerby","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hode of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (01)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (02)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (03)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (04)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (05)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (06)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (07)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (08)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (09)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (10)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (11)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (12)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1332 - Robert Hode of Stanley (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1332},{"pagename":"1332 - Robert Hode of Stanley (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1332},{"pagename":"1332 - Robert Hode of Stanley (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1332},{"pagename":"1332 - Robert Hood of Newton","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1332},{"pagename":"1333 - Baker Robert Hood (Wakefield Manor)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hode of Sowerby","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (4)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (5)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (4)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1339 - Robert Hode junior of Sowerby","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1339},{"pagename":"1339 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1339},{"pagename":"1339 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1339},{"pagename":"1339 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1339},{"pagename":"1339 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (4)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1339},{"pagename":"1339 - Robert Hood of Newton","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1339},{"pagename":"1340 - John son of Robert Hode","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - John son of Robert Hode junior","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (4)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (5)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (6)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (7)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (8)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (9)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1350 - Robert son of Peter Hode","Century":14,"Decade":1351,"Year":1350},

By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2015-07-11. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2021-01-07.

The Manor of Wakefield was a vast estate covering two large areas of the West Riding of Yorkshire. In addition to Wakefield, townships within the manor included Stansfield, Heptonstall, Northowram, Hipperholme, Brighouse, Clifton, Hartshead, Dewsbury, Ossett, Sandal, Walton, Holme, Shepley, etc. (see map of the estate). An almost unbroken series of records of the manorial court exists from 1274 to 1925, when the manor was dissolved.[1] During the first half of the 14th century, families surnamed Hood with at least one member carrying the first name Robert were found in Wakefield, Alverthorpe, Stanley, Sowerby, and perhaps Sandal (see interactive map below). Joseph Hunter famously suggested that one of these Robert Hoods, a Wakefield tenant who appears in the manor court rolls during the first quarter of the 14th century, was the historical original of the traditional character.[2] For this reason, and also because the other R. Hoods in the court rolls are of interest, we must take a close look at the Robert Hoods mentioned in the court rolls (links to relevant records are found below). This will involve also an account of those of their relatives who appear in the court rolls.[3]

The five first volumes of court rolls to appear were published by the Yorkshire Archaeological & Historical Society in its general records series, while subsequent volumes, published from 1977 on, appear in a dedicated Wakefield Court Rolls Series published by the society.[4] Volumes published no later than 2011 are now freely available in PDF format under a Creative Commons license, which has made it possible to cite most relevant entries in toto without infringing copyright.[5]

Robert Hoods in Wakefield manor court rolls

It is hoped that eventually all court roll entries relating to men named Robert Hood occurring before 1500 will be entered.

103 records of Robert Hoods in manor court rolls published no later than 2011 (record entries are cited below):


The Hoods of Alverthorpe

The court rolls examined so far include at least 15 entries relating to a Robert Hood under the heading 'Alverthorpe' (or similar). The most parsimonius assumption is that they all refer to one and the same man, and there seems to be no evidence against this. The same can be said for the records referring to Robert Hood of Newton (see below). The 1309 entry shows that Robert Hood of Alverthorpe was then a grave, an administrative official elected by the township. Taken together, entries dating from the 1320s relating to Robert Hood of Alverthorpe and his namesake of Newton make it all but certain that the two were one and the same person holding land in both vills. It would seem that this Robert Hood was originally from Newton but resident in Alverthorpe.[6] Entries in which 'of Newton' is appended to his name are found in the section following the present. Entries which cannot be connected with a specific vill appear last as a subsection under the present section.

The following 45 records refer to Robert Hood of Alverthorpe:

1307 - Robert Hod of Alverthorpe

[1307:]
Adam Gerbot sues Alice da. of Alice for an acre of land, which he claims because Gerbot, his father, bought the land and took it in open Court, and never surrendered it. Alice says that Gerbot, [? his or her] father, bought the land to her use with her own goods. An attaint is taken by 24, viz.:—Philip de Mora, Robert de Lupesheved, William s. of Thomas, John Malyn, Thomas Lyleman, Richard Pegere, Richard s. of Broun, Robert Hod, Richard Bunny, Henry del Bothom, Walter del Hill, Robert Pille, Philip le Syur, Richard del Bothom, John Bullok, Robert Gunne, Walter Bateman, William Albray, Simon de Monte, John de Chykenley, Adam del Dene, William Child, John s. of Eva, and Adam de Chykenley, who find that Gerbot de Alverthorpe bought the land with Alice's chattels and for her use. She may hold in peace. Adam is fined 4d.[7]

1308 - Robert Hod of Alverthorpe

[1308:]
John Leche and Robert Hod, 12d. each, for making their haystack [pro faciendo fenile suum] in the common way[8]

1308 - Robert Hode of Newton (Alverthorpe)

[1308:]
Robert Hode of Neuton, 2d. [...] for dry wood.[9]

1308 - Robert Hodde of Alverthorpe

[1308:]
Robert Hodde drew blood from the wife of Henry Archur; 12d. And from Juliana Horsse; 12d.[10]

1309 - Robert Hode of Alverthorpe (1)

[1309:]
Richard s. of Broun v. Adam Gerbot, Richard de Colley, William Hoskel, and Richard Wythundes, for trespass. Pledge, Robert Hode.[11]

1309 - Robert Hode of Alverthorpe (2)

[1309:]
Robert Hode the Grave, for breaking the Earl's fold, 12d.[12]

1316 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)

[1316:]
Amabel Brodeye sues Robert Hood on a plea of debt. Pledge of prosecution, Thomas of Wyttlay, & the aforesaid Amabel puts in her place John atte Bar.[13]

1316 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (2)

[1316:]
Amabel Brodelegh sues Robert Hood for 7s issuing from a rood of land which the said Robert demised to the same Amabel for the term of six years which he was not able to warrant to her. The aforesaid Robert came & could not deny this. Therefore, it is decided that the said Amabel may recover the said 7s, & the said Robert for his unjust deceit be amerced 3d.[14]

1316 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (3)

[1316:]
From Robert Hood, for same [sc. escape of animals], 3d.[15]

1316 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (4)

[1316:]
Robert Hood, for same [i.e. dry wood], 2d.[16]

1317 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe

[1317:]
Robert Hood gives 2s, to take ½ acre of meadow in Alvirthorp field from Walter of the Hill, in fee.[17]

1323 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)

[1323:]
Robert Hode surrenders 3 roods in Alverthorp; committed to Robert de Fetherston; entry, 6d.[18]

1323 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (2)

[1323:]
John Attebarre sues Hugh de Stanley for debt. Surety—Robert Hode.[19]

1324 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)

[1324:]
John Attebarre sues Robert Hood for trespass. Surety—German Kay. He is attached by William de Ouchethorp.[20]

1333 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)

[1333:]
An inquisition of 12 jurors, that is Robert Hode, William de Ouchethorp, Robert Malyn, William de Birkenshagh, John Swan, John Isbell, Robert Peger, William son of Philip de Mora, Richard de Luppesheved, William son of Thomas de Thornes, William [p. 174:] Attetounend and Robert Lepar, finds by assent of the parties who say on oath that (Geoffrey de Birkenshagh) is not deforcing the plaintiff from the meadowland. Therefore he is to take nothing by his suit and is amerced 6d for false claim.[21]

1338 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)

[1338:]
Robert Hode plaintiff offers himself against Walter le Wright in a plea of trespass. Walter does not come and is amerced 2d; order is given to distrain him.[22]

1338 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (2)

[1338:]
Likewise [i.e. a day is given until the next court] to Robert Hode plaintiff and Walter le Wright in a plea of trespass.[23]

1338 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (3)

[1338:]
Walter Wright acknowledges that he owes 3d to Robert Hode. He is to satisfy and is amerced 2d.[24]

1338 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (4)

[1338:]
Richard Swan acknowledges that he owes Robert Hode 4s 6d. He is to satisfy and is amerced 3d.[25]

1339 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)

[1339:]
Robert Hode likewise [surrenders in court] a rood of land of meadow in Alvirthorp, which [is] granted to William de Feri to hold to himself and his heirs following the custom of the manor; fine 3d.[26]

1339 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (2)

[1339:]
Robert Hode is amerced 3d for false claim against Richard Swan in a plea of debt. The jurors say that Robert Hode owes 14½d to Richard Swan. He is to satisfy and is amerced 3d. The same jurors say that Robert Hode broke an agreement with Richard Swan, damage 6d. Likewise 3d. Likewise that Robert Hode broke an agreement with Richard Swan concerning the hire of an ox, damage 3d. Likewise 3d.[27]

1339 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (3)

[1339:]
A day is given until the next court to Richard Wythundes plaintiff and Robert Hode in a like plea [i.e. a plea of debt].[28]

1339 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (4)

[1339:]
Robert Hode acknowledges that he owes Richard Wythundes 12d. He is to satisfy and is amerced 2d. [29]

Richard Hode of Alverthorpe

Richard Hode of Alverthorpe figures in two or three entries. The first of them concerns an R. Hode. 'Richard' and 'Robert' are found combined with that surname in the court rolls, but it goes without saying that they are not the only possible Christian names. However, in view of the other two entries it seems very likely that he is also the person concerned in the first one.

  • 1349-02-03; court at Wakefield. Adam Jordanson ordered to take half an acre which R... Hode surrendered. Heading: None.[30]
  • 1349-03-03; court at Wakefield. Richard Hod surrenders half an acre in Alverthorpe, which is granted to Adam son of Jordan. Heading: 'Alverthorpe'.[31]
  • 1350-07-02; court at Wakefield. Richard Hode surrenders half an acre in Alverthorpe, which is granted to William Gerbot. Heading: None.[32]

Robert Hode jr. of Alverthorpe

Since the above Robert Hode of Alverthorpe figures already in 1307, it is quite likely that it was his son rather than he himself who was the Robert Hode junior whose son John figures in 1340. It is not clear whether John son of Robert Hode, also figuring the latter year, is identical with John son of Robert Hode junior or if he was a son of the older Robert Hode.

1340 - John son of Robert Hode junior

[1340:]
John son of Robert Hode junior likewise [i.e. drew blood] from William son of Richard de Batelay, 6d.[33]

1340 - John son of Robert Hode

[1340:]
Henry de Stannelay comes into court and acknowledges that he owes John Jose 23d as pledge for John son of Robert Hode for a tunic bought from him. He is to satisfy for the 23d, and 40d damages, and is not taxed because he does not wish to find a pledge. He is amerced 2d.[34]

No vill mentioned

1324 - Robert Hood (Wakefield Manor)

[1324:] 
William de Ouchethorp acknowledges he owes John Sibbeson the crop of a rood of land sown with oats. Surety—Robert Hood.[35]

1333 - Baker Robert Hood (Wakefield Manor)

[1333:]
For dry wood: William son of Magot, Robert Arthur, Henry Tropinell, William Hodelyn, John son of John Pollard, William Twentipair, William Thrift, Robert Hode baker, Joan de Langeley, Matilda Mous, 3d each.[36]

The Hoods of Newton

45 records concern a Robert Hood of Newton. There is no evidence to show that they do not all refer to one and the same man. Furthermore, records mentioning Robert Hoods of Alverthorpe or Newton during the 1320s make it almost certain that we are concerned with one person holding land in both vills. See further above.

1316 - Robert Hood of Newton

[1316:]
Robert Hood of Newton, for breaking the coppice hedge, 6d.[37]

1317 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)

[1317:]
Orders to take Robert Cay of Neuton, for stealing 3 pieces of iron, worth 6d, and a 'wyndyngcloth', worth 2½d, from the cart of Robert Hood of Neuton.[38]

1317 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)

[1317:]
 Payments for dry wood, and breaking down hedges, etc.:
Stanneley. John, son of Philip, Symon Tyting, Robert Gunne, Roger the Tailor of Lofthous [John Bateman, his pledge], Robert Hood of Neuton, Robert Alayn, Robert Campion, 3d each; Gilbert the Theker, Mariota Bullok and her companion [socia], John Hancock, Thomas Bunny, Robert, son of Emma, Robert Hode and Nicholas of Lofthous, 2d each.[39]

1317 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)

[1317:]
Robert Hood of Neuton gives 6s 8d for leave to dig coal on the common in a pit taken long since [de antiquo capto].[40]

1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)

[1323:]
Robert Hode of Neuton surrenders half a "broddole" in the great meadow of Alverthorp, which is committed to Philip D . . . 6d for entry.[41]

1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)

[1323:]
Eva widow of Symon Tyting sues Richard del Ker for debt. Surety—Robert Hode of Neuton.[42]

1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)

[1323:]
John Erl sues Robert Hode of Neuton for debt. Surety—Henry de Wakefeld.[43]

1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (4)

[1323:]
Nicholas de Bateley sues the said Robert [i.e. Robert Hode of Neuton] for taking a horse. Surety—Thomas Bille.[44]

1324 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)

[1324:]
John Attebarre and Robert Hode of Neuton (4d) agree.[45]

1324 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)

[1324:]
Henry Nelot sues Robert Hood of Neuton for trespass. Surety—John Attebarre.[46]

1324 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)

[1324:]
Robert Hood of Neuton, 2d, and Richard del Ker, 6d for vert, etc.[47]

1325 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)

[1325:]
William de Castilford and Robert Hode of Neuton have a love day.[48]

1325 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)

[1325:]
William de Castilford sues Robert Hode of Neuton for debt for 6s, which is acknowledged; Robert fined 4d.[49]

1329 - Robert Hood of Newton

[1329:]
The imparlance between Robert Hood of Neutone, & John Swan, for debt, respited till the tourn.[50]

.

1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (01)

[1331:]
Order is given [...] to distrain John le Couper and Thomas de Chatburn to answer Robert Hood of Newton in a plea of unjustly taking and detaining a horse [...][51]

1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (02)

[1331:]
Order is given [...] to attach Robert Hood of Newton to answer John le Couper and to Thomas de Chatburn in pleas of trespass [...][52]

1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (03)

[1331:]
Robert Hood of Newton plaintiff and John Couper compromise in a plea of unjust taking and detention of a horse; Robert is amerced 3d.[53]

1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (04)

[1331:]
Thomas de Chatteburn defendant essoins for the second time by Robert de Mora against Robert Hoode of Newton in a plea of [p. 11;] taking and detaining a horse; pledge, William de Lockewode. And because Robert offers himself, therefore etc.[54]

1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (05)

[1331:]
John Couper plaintiff and Robert Hood of Newton compromise by licence of the court in a plea of trespass; Robert is amerced 3d.[55]

1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (06)

[1331:]
John Couper plaintiff and Robert Hood of Newton compromise by licence of the court in a plea of trespass; Robert is amerced 3d.[56]

1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (07)

[1331:]
Order is given [...for] Robert Hood to answer John le Couper in a plea of trespass [...][57]

1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (08)

[1331:]
Order is given [...] to attach Robert Hood to answer Thomas de Chatburne in a plea of trespass.[58]

1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (09)

[1331:]
An inquisition is to come to the next court to determine if John le Couper wrongfully took and detained a certain horse belonging to Robert Hood of Newton.[59]

1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (10)

[1331:]
Thomas de Chatburn defendant essoins for the first time by John de Gairgrave against Robert Hoode of Newton in a plea of taking and detaining a horse; pledge, William de Lockewod. And because Robert offers himself, therefore etc.[60]

1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (11)

[1331:]
An inquisition is to come to the next court between John Couper plaintiff and Robert Hood to determine if the aforesaid Robert trampled and depastured with cattle John's corn and rye in the field of Newton or not.[61]

1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (12)

[1331:]
Thomas de Chatburn plaintiff does not prosecute against Robert Hood in a plea of trespass, therefore he and his pledges are amerced 4d, and Robert is quit.[62]

1332 - Robert Hood of Newton

[1332:]
Robert Hood of Newton plaintiff offers himself against Thomas de Schatteburn in a plea of trespass; because he does not state his case in the words of the court he is to take nothing by his suit and is amerced 3d for false claim. [63]

1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)

[1333:]
Robert Hode of Newton, William de Ouchethorp, and Thomas Bunny, summoned in a certain inquisition, do not come, therefore are amerced 3d each.[64]

1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)

[1333:]
William Templer sues Robert Hode (in mercy) of Newton in a plea of trespass; pledge, Robert de Mora.[65]

1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)

[1333:]
William Templer sues Robert Hode in a plea of trespass. He says that Robert's cattle trampled his corn to his damage 40d. Robert says he is not guilty; therefore inquisition.[66]

1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (4)

[1333:]
Order given for an inquisition to come to the present court in a plea of trespass between William Templer complainant and Robert Hode res- [p. 201:] pited for want of jurors.[67]

1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (5)

[1333:]
William Templer plaintiff and Robert Hode compromise by licence in a plea of trespass; Robert is amerced 3d.[68]

1338 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)

[1338:]
Beatrice formerly wife of Richard de Colley seeks against Philip Damysel a third of a rood of meadow in Alvirthorp as her dower which fell to her after the death of Richard. Philip says that Robert Hode de Neuton surrendered the meadow in the lord's court to be held by service by himself and his heirs following the custom of the manor, and summons Robert to warrant concerning this.[69]

1338 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)

[1338:]
The suit in respite between Beatrice formerly wife of Richard de Colley petitioner and Robert Hode, holding by his warrant, in a plea of dower, as in the last court.[70]

1338 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)

[1338:]
Robert Hode was summoned to warrant Philip Damysel in a third of a rood of meadow in Alvirthorp which Beatrice formerly wife of Richard de Colley seeks against Philip as her dower. He is present in court to warrant it and can say nothing against her petition. Beatrice is to recover the land, and Philip is to recover its value from Robert. Robert is amerced 6d.[71]

1339 - Robert Hood of Newton

[1339:]
Robert Hode de Neuton for vert, 3d.[72]

1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)

[1340:]
Robert Hode de Neuton is amerced 2d because he does not come.[73]

1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)

[1340:]
John de Welles was summoned to answer Robert de [p. 223:] Hyperum, Joanna his wife, Thomas de Lepton and Margery his wife in a plea that he deforced them of an acre and half a rood in Alvirthorp which they claim to be the right and inheritance of Joanna and Margery after the death of John Swerd their uncle, who died seised of it. John says that they can claim no right in the land because John Swerd, long before his death, surrendered the land into the hand of the grave for the benefit of the said John. And he took the land in court and <then> made fine with the lord, and he seeks an inquiry. The plaintiffs similarly. The jurors, namely Henry Brounsmith, Adam Rudde, Robert Malyn, John Gerbot, Richard Swan, Adam del Bothe, Robert Hode de Neuton, William de Ouchethorp, Robert Salman, John Attebarre, Richard Wythundes and Thomas Binny, say on their oath that John Swerd, long before his death, surrendered the said land into the hand of John Gerbot, then grave of Alvirthorp, who <to the benefit (opus) of John de Welles > offered the same land at the next court, in the court of John de Trehampton, then steward. The latter ordered him to retain the said land in his hand. After the death of John Swerd, John de Welles came into court in the presence of Sir Simon de Baldreston <then steward >, and took the said land and then made a fine. Asked if any surrendering land to the grave die before the surrender to use was made in court, should the heir have it automatically, the Jurors said that such land needed a new seizure and entry fine in court. Therefore John de Welles is to hold the land to himself and his heirs in perpetuity. The plaintiffs are amerced 2d for false claim; the amercement of Thomas de Lepton is pardoned because he is a clerk.[74]

1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)

[1340:]
Likewise [i.e. fined for vert]: Robert Hode de Neuton 2d.[75]

1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (4)

[1340:]
Peter Attebarre has a day to wager his law that he did not depasture grass of John Attebarre in the meadow at Neuton to his damage. Robert Hode likewise. An inquiry is to come to determine whether or not Robert Hode depastured his grass in his croft at Neuton and also whether he depastured his grass and corn in le Estefeld.[76]

1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (5)

[1340:]
John Attebarre acknowledges that he depastured corn and grass of Thomas Roller with his beasts, damage taxed at [blank]. Likewise 2d. Likewise that he depastured half an acre of oats of Robert Hode with his beasts, damage taxed at [blank]. Likewise 2d.[77]

1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (6)

[1340:]
A day is given until the next court to John Attebarre plaintiff and Robert Hode in a plea of trespass in 2 claims.[78]

1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (7)

[1340:]
John Attebarre plaintiff and Robert Hode agree in a plea of trespass. Robert is amerced 2d.[79]

1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (8)

[1340:]
An inquiry is to come to determine whether or not Robert Hode de Neuton mowed grass of John de Wright and carried off his hay from a third of a dole of meadow in Alvirthorp which he leased from the wife of Richard de Colley.[80]

1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (9)

[1340:]
The jurors say that Robert Hode depastured grass of John Wright, damage taxed at 2d. He is to satisfy and is amerced 3d. And the same inquiry finds that John Wright mowed grass of Robert Hoode, damage taxed at 14d. Likewise 3d.[81]

Alice, wife of John Hood of Newton

1 record refers to Alice, wife of John Hood of Newton:

  • 1349-02-03; court at Wakefield. John Hod of Newton and his wife Alice surrender a piece of land in Alverthorpe to William de Fery and his heirs under the condition that if, twelve years from date, John and Alice or their heirs pay William or his executors the 20s William lent them, they will shall again hold it according to custom, otherwise half of the land shall remain to William and his heirs. Heading: 'Alverthorpe'.[82]

John Hood of Newton

7 records concern a John Hood of Newton. There is no evidence to show that they do not all refer to one and the same man.

  • 1336-12-09; court at Wakefield. Order is given to distrain Richard Ivveson to answer John Hude of Newton in a plea of debt. Heading: None.[83]
  • 1348-12-23; court at Wakefield. Richard Iveson does not prosecute against John Hode of Newton in a plea of trespass. Heading: None.[84]
  • 1348-12-23; court at Wakefield. Richard Iveson does not come to answer John Hode of Newton in a plea of debt. Heading: None.[85]
  • 1349-01-20; court at Wakefield. Richard Iveson unjustly detains from John Hode of Newton payment for work and for his food. The name 'Robert' was at first written in the MS, then cancelled and 'John' inserted. Heading: 'Thornes'.[86]
  • 1349-02-03; court at Wakefield. John Hod of Newton and his wife Alice surrender a piece of land in Alverthorpe to William de Fery and his heirs under the condition that if, twelve years from date, John and Alice or their heirs pay William or his executors the 20s William lent them, they will shall again hold it according to custom, otherwise half of the land shall remain to William and his heirs. Heading: 'Alverthorpe'.[87]
  • 1349-06-23; court at Wakefield. John Hode of Newton surrenders land in Newton in the graveship of Alverthorpe, which is granted to Thomas de Fyncheden. Heading: 'Alverthorpe'.[88]
  • 1350-04-09; court at Wakefield. John Hode surrenders land in Newton, which is granted to John Couper. Heading: None.[89]



The Hoods of Sandal

Robert son of Peter Hode inherited his father's lands in Sandal in 1350 (see the record '1350 - Robert son of Peter Hode' listed below under The Hoods of Wakefield). It is unclear if the father, Peter, should be identified with the Peter Hode listed below under Peter Hood of Wakefield. One entry connects John Hood of Wakefield (II) with Sandal. There is no evidence to indicate if or how he was related to Robert and Peter.



The Hoods of Sowerby

Ten court roll entries from the period 1308-39 are concerned with one or both of the sons of John Hood (or Hodde) who were named Robert or with a son of one of them also named Robert.

The following 10 records refer to the Hoods of Sourby:

1308 - Robert son of John Hodde of Sowerby

[1308:]
Robert, s. of John Hodde gives 2s. 3 d for 4 acres1 in Blacwode; rent 2s.[90]

1313 - Robert son of John Hodde of Sowerby injured

[1313:]
Henry del Loue drew blood from Robert, s. of John Hodde; 12d.[91]

1314 - Robert son of John Hodde of Sowerby (1)

[1314]
Robert, s. of John Hodde, gives 2s. to take 2½ acres with buildings in Soureby of John Pikeston, for 11 years.[92]

1314 - Robert son of John Hodde of Sowerby (2)

[1314:]
Elias, s. of Ivo de Warlolay, 18d. to take 3 acres in Sourby, on Wildeborhill, from Robert, s. of John Hodde.[93]

1315 - Robert and Robert sons of John Hood

[1315:]
Robert, s. of John Hodde, 6d.; Robert, his brother, 3d. [...] for escapes in the Frith.[94]

[1316:]
 It is found [attinctum] by an Inquisition of the jurors that John of Miggeley by a certain false suggestion which he laid against Robert & Robert [sic] sons of John Hodde unjustly & maliciously recovered against the aforesaid Robert & Robert 10s by a plea in conoscor. It is ordered, therefore, that the aforesaid Robert & Robert recover the aforesaid 10s against the aforesaid John, & that he be amerced 6d, and the aforesaid Robert & Robert pay a fine of 5s for having aid to levy the aforesaid 10s from the aforesaid John.[95]

1316 - John son of Robert Hode of Sowerby

[1316:]
John son of Robert Hode gives 2s 4d for enclosing, & for arrears of rent, 1 rood & 10 falls of land enclosed 8 years ago, to hold to himself & his heirs, rendering therefor 2d per annum.[96]

1331 - Robert Hodde of Sowerby

[1331:]
 Alice formerly wife of Henry de Migeley, demands against Robert Hodde of Sourby the third part of a messuage, of 10 acres of land & 1 acre of meadow in Sourby, by right of dower after the death of Henry, her late husband, of which the said Henry died seised, & in which Alice has nothing, she says. Robert says that one John de Migeley, father of the said Henry, died seised of the said tenements, & that Ellen, his wife, was dowered therein & survived the said Henry; wherefore Alice has no right to bring an action for a third of the same. And, as regards the remaining two thirds of the tenements, after the vesture thereof had been carried, he granted Alice her dower therein as was right. Alice says her husband was seised of the tenements at his death, & demands an inquisition. The inquisition finds he was never seised thereof, & therefore she cannot recover her dower on the whole. Her fine of 6d for false claim is forgiven by the Steward, & she is to recover her dower in ⅔ of the said tenements from Robert.[97]

1333 - Robert Hode of Sowerby

[1333:]
Robert Hode and John Swan are amerced 2d each for not coming.[98]

1339 - Robert Hode junior of Sowerby

[1339:]
Robert Hode junior surrenders into the hand of the grave half an acre in Sourby, which is granted to Hugh son of Otto to hold to himself and his heirs; fine 6d. [99]

Richard Hood of Sowerby

Eleven entries in the printed court rolls for the period 1275 to 1313 concern Richard Hood of Sowerby:

  • 1274-11-22: Richard Hodde liable to a fine "for falsely and through hate presenting many trespasses against John de Miggeley and others, the Foresters of Sourby. [...] Respited until the Earl's coming." A Henry Urebrother to be "distrained for the like until he come to make satisfaction." Under heading: "Soureby".[100]
  • 1275-02-02: "Henry Urebrother and Richard Hodde remain under surety, as at the last Court, to answer the Earl as to a false presentment made by them against the Foresters of Soureby, until the Earl's coming." Under heading: "Soureby".[101]
  • 1275-02-02: Richard Hodde fined "for taking a heifer, which he says is his, out of the Earl's custody in the forest of Soureby". Under heading: "Soureby".[102]
  • 1275-05-23: Richard Hood and Henry Urebrother are fined for their false presentment. Under heading: "Sourby".[103]
  • 1275-07-13: "Henry Hourebrother and Richard Hodde complain of William and John de Noteschawe, Robert son of Roger, Richard de Estwode and Robert de Saltonstal, for trespass". Under heading: "Sourby".[104]
  • 1275-08-15: Henry Hourebrother and Richard Hodde implicate the four men just mentioned in the production of the writing against the foresters of Sowerby. They allege that they, Richard Hood and Henry Urebrother, were essentially only messengers in presenting the said accusations, and as they were heavily fined for their actions they now want compensation from the four men named. An inquisition finds for the plaintiffs. Under heading: "Sourby".[105]
  • 1285-01-13: Richard Hodde fined for taking six hazels; under heading: "Sourby".[106]
  • 1285-04-25: Richard Hodde fined for "trespass in le Bekynges"; under heading: "Soureby".[107]
  • 1286-09-08: Richard Hodde figures as pledge for Alice of Wyttcley, two of whose beasts have strayed.[108]
  • 1297-05-11: Richard Hodde surrenders one acre of land to John the Miller; under heading: "Soureby".[109]
  • 1313-10-06; court at Wakefield: Richard Hodde's suit of debt against Elias, son of Ivo, and Robert of Saltonstall respited until Halifax court turn.[110]
  • 1313-10-18; court at Halifax: Richard Hodde sues Elias, son of Ivo, and Robert of Saltonstall for debt and does not prosecute the suit. His fine for this is pardoned because he is old and blind.[111]


An "inquisition touching the evildoers in the Forest of Soureby" was held on 22 November 1274. The members of the panel swore that John de Migeley, one of the earl's foresters, who was charged with poaching a stag, had done no such thing but was "in all things a good and true man towards the Earl and all others." He had been charged also with receiving four oxen and 16 sheep whih were the chattels of Hugh of Barkeshere, a fugitive. The jury said what actually happened was that the king's coroner claimed them for the king's use. They further swore to the innocence of Philip le Waleys and Alan del Rodes, who had been charged with taking a stag and a kid. The stag, they said, had been taken by an employee of Stephen le Waleys. All the foresters of "Souresbyschire", who had been charged with "very many offences in the Forest, such as hunting, vert, and allowing pigs in the Forest for moneys of which the Earl gets no part", were innocent and "in all things good and true men towards the Earl and all others, and keep their bailiwick well in all respects." Finally they stated that the said foresters were also innocent of "having taken 16s. to conceal complaints, fines and attachments". This had been "presented against them through the hate of their enemies."[112]

Of course we cannot entirely rule out the possibility that there were more than one Richard Hodde in Sowerby at the time, but the population of Sowerby stood at a mere 1,743 in 1881,[113] and the medieval village can hardly have had a very large population. All the entries relating to the allegedly false accusations against the foresters of Sowerby must concern a single Richard Hodde, and as some of these associate him with Henry Urebrother, we must assume that the Richard Hodde mentioned in another entry where the two figure together is the same person. Very likely all the above entries refer to one and the same Richard Hodde. He was the father of John Hodde.

John Hood of Sowerby (I)

At least six court roll entries under the heading of Sowerby refer to a John Hood. In three of them he is referred to as John, son of Richard Hodde:

  • 1296-11-06; court at Halifax: John son of Richard Hodde successfully sues Adam son of Alice of Hipperholme for debt; Adam Migge is pledge; under heading: "Sourby".[114]
  • 1296-11-06; court at Halifax: John son of Richard Hodde is a pledge; under heading: "Sourby".[115]
  • 1296-11-06; court at Halifax: Similarly; under heading: "Sourby".[116]
  • 1297-05-11: John Hodde successfully claims 40d. from Adam Migge; under heading: "Soureby".[117]
  • 1297-06-24; court at Wakefield. John, son of Richard Hodde figures as a pledge; under heading: "Soureby".[118]
  • 1297-07-07; court at Wakefield. John Hodde figures twice as a pledge; under heading: "Soureby".[119]


He may also well be the John Hood concerned in these two records:


We cannot entirely rule out the possibility that two or three John Hoods might be involved, but at least three of these entries – those referring to John, son of Richard Hood – can be fairly safely assumed to refer to one and the same man. It is very likely, therefore, that we can thus reconstruct a bit of the family tree of the two Sowerby Robin Hoods: their father was this John Hood whose father, in turn, was the above Richard Hood. It is possible, but does not seem likely, that some of the court roll entries listed under John Hood of Wakefield below do in fact refer to the Sowerby man of that name.

John Hood of Sowerby (II)

Unless there were three Robert Hoods in Sowerby at this time, one of the two Roberts just mentioned in turn had a son named John:



The Hoods of Stanley

The court rolls examined so far include four entries relating to Robert Hood(s) of Stanley.

1315 - Robert Hoode of Stanley

[1315:]
[...] Robert the Leeper, 6d. for leasing the said ½ acre for 6 years to Robert Hoode, who pays 12d.[120]

1332 - Robert Hode of Stanley (1)

[1332:]
The inquisition between Thomas Hydebier and John Tyting and Robert Hode in a plea as to why they impleaded him in court Chris- [p. 142:] tian respited.[121]

1332 - Robert Hode of Stanley (2)

[1332:]
The inquisition between Thomas Hydebier and John Titing and Robert Hode in a plea of impleading Thomas in court Christian respited.[122]

1332 - Robert Hode of Stanley (3)

[1332:]
An inquisition finds that Robert Hode (6d) and John Tyting (3d), executors of the testament of Matilda Tyting, impleaded Thomas Hydebyer in court Christian, therefore amerced 9d.[123]

Adam Hood of Stanley

  • 1286-07-13; probably court at Wakefield. Adam Hod licensed "to take half a bovate of land in Stanley from Adam Balle".[124]



The Hoods of Wakefield

At least 17 court roll entries from the years 1313-31 are concerned with one or more Robert Hoods of Wakefield. In 1313 two persons are concerned, one just referred to as Robert Hodde, the other as "Robert Hodde of Wakefeud". This of course suggests that the first of them came from somewhere else than Wakefield, but I do not think we can be entirely certain of this.

Records mentioning the Wakefield Robin Hoods:

1308 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield

[1308:]
Robert Hodde, 2d. [...] for dry wood[125]

1309 - Robert Hod of Wakefield (1)

[1309:]
Robert Hod, 2d. [... p. 201: ...] for dry wood[126]

1309 - Robert Hod of Wakefield (2)

[1309:]
Robert Hod, 2d. [...] for dry wood[127]

1309 - Robert Hod of Wakefield (3)

[1309:]
Robert Hod, 2d.; for dry wood[128]

1313 - Robert Hodde and Robert Hood of Wakefield

[1313:]
Robert Hodde 6d.; Robert Hood of Wakefeud, 4d. [...] for vert, acorns, etc.[129]

1314 - Robert Hodd of Wakefield

[1314:]
Robert Hodd, 3d. [...] for dry wood.[130]

1314 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield

[1314:]
Robert Hodde, 3d. [...] for dry wood.[131]

1315 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield (1)

[1315:]
[...] John Torald, and Robert Hodde, 2d. each, for dry wood and escapes of swine.[132]

1315 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield (2)

[1315:]
[...] Robert Hodde, John Leche, [...] 2d. each for vert and dry wood.[133]

1316 - Robert Hod of Wakefield

[1316:]
[...] Robert Hod's handmaid, 2d. [...] for vert and dry wood.[134]

1316 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield

[1316:]
[...] the handmaids of Robert Hodde and Adam Halfmark, 2d. each, for dry wood.[135]

1316 - Robert and Matilda Hade of Wakefield

[1316:]
Robert Hade & Matilda his wife give 2s for leave to take one piece of the lord's waste on Bichill between the booths of Philip Damyson & Thomas Alayn of the length of 30 ft. [?] & breadth of 16 ft. to hold to the aforesaid Robert & Matilda & their heirs, rendering therefor yearly 6d at the three terms of the year.[136]

1316 - Robert and Matilda Hood of Wakefield

[1316:]
Robert Hood & Matilda his wife give 12d for leave to take 1 piece of curtilage in Wrengate, near the curtilage of Robert Clement from John Pollard to hold to himself & his heirs doing the services thereon.[137]

1316 - Robert Hoode

[1316:]
 Hugh Fox vacat, because he left for Ireland, before they were called up, Thomas of Norton [3d], William Badger, William Rycharde, Thomas son of Rose [3d], John son of Geppe [3d], Robert son of John Roller [vacat, because he cannot be found], Thomas of Louthe [3d], John Don, John Tope, Robert Harward [3d] and Robert Hoode.[138]

1331 - Robert Hode of Wakefield

[1331:]
For not coming to the tourn: Thomas Pang, Elias de Craven, William Twenty pyre, 3d each, Augustine Pelliparius, John le Rastrik, Thomas son of Richard Clericus, John Dent, Ralph de Stansfeld, Thomas Molle, William Thrift, Thomas Malot, Robert Capon, Richard de Waterton, Richard son of Adam Peed, 2d each, Robert Nodger, 3d, William Broun, John son of Richard son of Henry, John son of Robert, John Tyde, Robert son of Ralph, John Kyd, Michael Carpenter, Hugh Fox, John Wilcok, Robert Gelleson, John son of Hugh, William Mariet, John Broun, John Haget, Robert Ciser of Lancashire, William Richaud senior, 2d each, John le Tumour, Henry Bui, 3d each, Henry le Teuwer, Robert Hoppay, Robert Hode, John Dade, Geoffrey de Bradforth, Simon le Tournour, 2d each, John son of Walter Pollard, John Harilull senior, 3d each, John son of Robert Carpentarius, Robert Herward, John Pollard, John son of Agnes, William le Glover, William Atteelme, Robert Dipsy, William Jose, John Rose, Walter le Stedman, Thomas de Louthe, John Tup, 2d each, John son of Walter Crocus, 3d, John Marjori, 2d.[139]

1331 - Robert Hood of Wakefield

[1331:]
For dry wood: the daughter of William Thecker, the handmaid of John de Langley, Beatrice Bul, Robert Hood, Henry de Tropinel, 2d each, Robert de Hoppay, 3d, Robert Besk, 3d, William Magotson, 2d.[140]

1350 - Robert son of Peter Hode

[1350:]
Robert son of Peter Hode heriots on 1½ acres in le Oldfeld and le Castelfeld of Sandal after the death of Peter his father, whose heir he is, to hold to himself and his heirs according to the custom of the manor, paying 6d.[141]

The published court rolls I have examined so far do not reveal the ancestry of the Wakefield Robert Hood or, for that matter, that of his 1313 namesake of unknown abode. However, three other Hoods living in Wakefield are found in the court rolls, each of whom could be the father of the Wakefield Robert Hood.

Adam Hood of Wakefield

An Adam Hod appears in the court rolls from 1274 to 1314. He seems to have been a Wakefield man, but there is no indication of how he was related to the other Wakefield Hoods.

  • 1274-11-22; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod and 23 others, including Henry Hod, swear that they know nothing about the goods and chattels of John the Forester of Sowerby, who was killed. They do not know who has them, what has been done with them or who distributed them; under heading: "Wakefeud".[142]
  • 1277-06-11; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as a pledge.[143]
  • 1277-08-15; court at Wakefield. Similarly.[144]
  • 1285-01-13; court at Wakefield. Similarly.[145]
  • 1285-01-13; probably court at Wakefield. Adam Hod twice acts as a pledge.[146]
  • 1296-10-28; probably court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as a pledge.[147]
  • 1296-11-16; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod on jury that acquits Richard, son of Hugh de Schipeden, who had been indicted at the Tourn at Rastrik for stealing 8 sheep".[148]
  • 1297-02-15; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as a pledge; under heading: "Essoins".[149]
  • 1297, Friday in the first week of Lent; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod on a jury that acquits a woman of stealing a hood; under heading: "Ossete".[150]
  • 1297-03-25; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod twice acts as a pledge; under heading: "Essoigns".[151]
  • 1297, Friday in Easter week; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as a pledge; under heading: "Essoigns".[152]
  • 1297, Friday before Whitsuntide; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod twice acts as a pledge; under heading: "Essoigns".[153]
  • 1297, Friday before Whitsuntide; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod on a jury that acquits two men of burglary; under heading: "Alvirthorpe".[154]
  • 1314-01-13; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as pledge; under heading: "Bailiff".[155]
  • 1314, Friday in Whitsun week (16 June 1314); court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as surety; under heading: "Essoigns".[156]
  • 1314-09-21; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as surety; under heading: "Essoigns".[157]

Agnes Hood of Wakefield

Agnes Hodde is mentioned only once in the published rolls.

  • 1326-11-22; court at Wakefield. Agnes Hodde's handmaid fined 2d for taking dry wood. Heading: 'Wakefeld'.[158]

Henry de Hod

In 1339 John Milner was fined for drawing blood from Henry de Hod.[159] Since no locality is cited as headword for the paragraph in which this entry occurs, it is possible that it relates to Wakefield. However, since it is so much later than the floruit of Henry Hood of Wakefield, it most likely concerns another man. This is also suggested by the element 'de'.

Henry Hood of Wakefield

These three court roll entries relate to a Henry Hood of Wakefield. There is no indication of how he was related to the other Wakefield Hoods.

  • 1274-10-18; court at Wakefield. Henry Hod and nine others charged with trespass but are quit as they "did suit at the Earl's mill." Under heading: "Wakefeud".[160]
  • 1274-11-22; court at Wakefield. Henry Hod is a surety; under heading: "Wakefeud".[161]
  • 1274-11-22; court at Wakefield. Henry Hod and 23 others, including Adam Hod, swear that they know nothing about the goods and chattels of John the Forester of Sowerby, who was killed. They do not know who has them, what has been done with them or who distributed them; under heading: "Wakefeud".[162]

John Hood of Wakefield (I)

A John Hood lived in Wakefield by 1313. He sometimes sat on juries but was also himself now and then in trouble for various relatively minor transgressions. In 1339-40 the types of dubious acts for which he got into trouble are often suggestive of poverty. This micro-biography assumes that most or all of the entries listed below refer to a single individual. This seems likely but is hardly capable of being proved. The entry dated 26 July 1325 certainly refers to two men with the same name, for it notes that 'John Hode of Wakefeld' essoined by John Hode, clerk. For the latter, see John Hood of Wakefield (II) below.

  • 1313-10-12, court at Wakefield: John Hode is fined 12d. for blocking up "a pathway at the end of the town of Wakefeld, in Kergate, between Hesperode and chiterike".[163]
  • 1315-10-10; court at Wakefield. John Hod essoins by Robert Carpenter. Heading: 'Essoins'.[164]
  • 1315-12-06; court at Wakefield. John Hood essoins by William of Sonderland. Heading: 'Essoins'.[165]
  • 1316-02-25, court at Wakefield: John Hod is a member of a jury that acquits an accused thief. The thief was indicted at a tourn at Halifax. Judging by their names, jury members came from localities such as (South) Crossland, Osset and Stanley.[166]
  • 1316-03-12, court at Wakefield; John Hod essoins.[167]
  • 1316-04-14. Similarly.[168]
  • 1316, before 04-14, court at Wakefield; John Hood among a multitude fined for not coming to court.[169]
  • 1316-04-14; court at Wakefield; John Hod essoins.[170]
  • 1316-05-01; tourn at Wakefield. John Sibbeson drew blood from John Hood. He is fined 6d. Heading: None.[171]
  • 1316; Friday in Whitsun week; court at Wakefield. John Hod is a member of a jury that sentences a thief to be hanged in the Whitsun week of that year. Judging from their names, the jury members are from Birstall, "Crosseland" (South Crossland), Ossett, Saltonstall, etc.[172]
  • 1316-07-25; court at Wakefield. "John Hood of Wakefeld" sits on a jury that includes members with surnames such as Birstall and Crosseland.[173]
  • 1316-07-31; court at Wakefield. John essoins Hood by William Marjoriman. Heading: 'Essoins'.[174]
  • 1316-08-05; court at Wakefield. John Hod stands surety for an essoin.[175]
  • 1316-08-29; court at Wakefield. John Hod essoins.[176]
  • 1316-10-15; court at Wakefield. John Hood essoins by Peter the Pynder. Heading: 'Essoins'.[177]
  • 1317-01-06; court at Wakefield. John Hood on a jury which finds Thomas Maufesour guilty of theft. Heading: 'Bailiff'.[178]
  • 1317-01-25; court at Wakefield. John Hood member of a jury which finds John Leggundo guilty of burglary. Heading: None.[179]
  • 1317-05-12; court at Wakefield. John Hood essoins by Thomas of Whitteley. Heading: 'Essoins'.[180]
  • 1322/23-03-12; court of the King, held at Wakefield. John Hode essoins by Thomas Thorald, Henry Tasch being surety. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[181]
  • 1323-08-05; court at Wakefield. John Hode essoins by John de Sandale. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[182]
  • 1323-08-24; court at Wakefield. John Hode essoins by William Filche. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[183]
  • 1324-05-06: court at Wakefield. John Hode essoins by William de Castilford. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[184]
  • 1324/25-01-13; court at Wakefield. John Hood member of a jury which acquits Robert son of Ivo de Snaipthorp of stealing beasts from Emma Brounsmith. Under heading: 'Thornes'.[185]
  • 1325-04-12; court at Wakefield. John Hood essoins by William Cussing, surety being John Attebarre. Heading: 'Essoins'.[186]
  • 1325-07-26; court at Wakefield. 'John Hode of Wakefeld' essoins by John Hode, clerk. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[187]
  • 1325-09-07; court at Wakefield. John Hood essoins by Thomas Torald, surety is William del Okes. Heading: 'Essoins'.[188]
  • 1325-09-07; court at Wakefield. John Hood fined 2d for dry wood.[189]
  • 1326-11-22; court at Wakefield. John Hod essoins by John Pollard, surety being William Cussing. Heading: 'Essoins'.[190]
  • 1327-05-06; court at Wakefield. John Hodde essoins by William Templer; surety is Thomas Alayn. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[191]
  • 1329-05-03; sheriff's tourn at Wakefeld. The wives of John Hood, Thomas Tutche and many others fined for ale contrary to assize. Heading: 'Wakefeld'.[192]
  • 1339-10-14; tourn at Wakefield. John Hode to be attached for enclosing a piece of land which the township ought to have in common every third year and in open time. Heading: none.[193]
  • 1339-11-26; court at Wakefield. Inquiry found John Hode guilty of enclosing plot where township of Horbury has its common. He is fined. Heading: 'Bailiff'.[194]
  • 1340-02-18; court at Wakefield. Inquiry to determine if it was falsely presented that John Hode enclosed a plot supposed to be the common of the township of Wakefeld. Heading: 'Bailiff'.[195]
  • 1340-03-10; court at Wakefield. Preceding enquiry in respite for lack of jurors. Heading: None.[196]
  • 1340-03-24; court at Wakefield. Jury finds against John Hode in the above case. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[197]
  • 1340-03-24; court at Wakefield. Order to distrain John Hode, his brother Thomas and several others for carrying off timber from the mill-pond and bridge of Wakefeld. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[198]
  • 1340-04-07; court at Wakefield. John Hode, Thomas his brother and several others carried off timber from the pond and bridge of Wakefeld. Heading: None.[199]
  • 1349-01-20; court at Wakefield. Richard Iveson had no damage in his crop by his beasts by default of John Hode, so Richard to take nothing by his plea, is fined 3d. Heading: 'Thornes'.[200]
  • 1349-03-17; court at Wakefield. John Hode, suitor, amerced because he does not come to do his suit but comes afterwards. Heading: .[201]

Unless we believe both John Hood of Sowerby and John Hood of Wakefield sat on juries in 1316, it seems most natural to assume that all the entries just listed refer to the Wakefield man, but there is of course the possibility that the Sowerby and Wakefield John Hood were one and the same person. The man I have referred to as John Hood of Sowerby is in fact never explicitly connected with that town, but his two sons (or two of his sons) are, and cases concerning him are listed under that locality. One or both sons named Robert Hood was/were involved in property transactions there, one was injured there, and both were fined for animals straying into the wood there. Whether or not he should be identified with his namesake of Sowerby, the Wakefield John Hood could be the father of the Robert Hood of Wakefield who is mentioned in 1313 and 1314 (once each year) as well as 1315 and 1316 (twice each year), but of this we have no evidence whatsoever. It is not clear with which namesake, if any, we should identify the 'John Hode, clerk' by whom 'John Hode of Wakefeld' essoined on 26 July 1325 or, ultimately, which of them (if any) is the man whose life record in the manor court rolls is listed above. However, in cases such as this, adhering to the principle of parsimony is the only way to avoid arbitrariness. Two John Hoods occurring in the same record are of course two different men. The older of them should perhaps be identified wit his namesake of Sowerby. So in the absence of evidence to the contrary we should assume that no more than two or three John Hoods are concerned.

John Hood of Wakefield (II)

This man is identified as 'John Hode, clerk' in the entry dated 1325-07-26, for which see below. Also see John Hood of Wakefield (I) above. He is connected with Wakefield solely through his namesake of that town essoining by him. This could be a case of a son acting in support of his ageing father, but assuming the records listed below refer to him, it must be said that he often acted in a similar capacity in cases concerning people whose surname he did not share. The chief basis for identifying John Hoods occuring in records dating from 1339-40 with either the first or the second John Hood has been the fact that one was a peasant, the other a clerk. Some may want to move some of the items in the present list to that under John Hood of Wakefield (I) and vice versa. Since several of the entries listed below appear in the court rolls under the headword 'Sandal', it is interesting to note that the 1323-08-05 entry under John Hood of Wakefield (I) above has him essoin by 'John de Sandale'. Perhaps, therefore, we should identify the latter with the subject of this paragraph and rename him John Hood of Sandal. It must be noted, however, that the headings or headwords under which the below records are found in the MS refer to localities where the person(s) with whom the cases are concerned live or own land. They do not refer to the home localties of those acting as pledge or by whom someone essoins or is represented. It should also be noted that all the cases in question were dealth with at the court at Wakefield and that the fact that John Hood of Wakefield (II) was a clerk may account for his presence at court in all the cases in which he was not directly concerned. Therefore only the entry dated 1339-07-02 actually suggests that John Hood of Wakefield (II) may have been connected with Sandal.

  • 1325-07-26; court at Wakefield. 'John Hode of Wakefeld' essoins by John Hode, clerk. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[202]
  • 1339-05-28; court at Wakefield. William del Rodes, defendant in plea of debt, essoins first time by John Hode. Heading: 'Sandal'.[203]
  • 1339-06-11; court at Wakefield. William del Rodes essoins second time by John Hode. Heading: 'Sandal'.[204]
  • 1339-07-02; court at Wakefield. John Hode plaintiff and John le Shephird and John his son agree in a plea of debt. Heading: 'Sandal'.[205]
  • 1339-11-26. court at Wakefield. John Hode acts as pledge. Heading: 'Bailiff'.[206]
  • 1339-11-26; court at Wakefield. J. Hod to represent plaintiff in plea of debt. Heading: 'Sandal'.[207] The initial likely stands for 'John'.
  • 1339-12-17; court at Wakefield. John Hode is attorney of Cecily, widow of William le Heir, plaintiff in plea of debt. Heading: 'Sandal'.[208]
  • 1340-05-12; court at Wakefield. John Hode stands pledge at court. Heading: 'Stanley'.[209]
  • 1340-06-02; tourn at Wakefield. John Hode appears as a juror. Heading: None.[210]
  • 1340-07-28; court at Wakefield. John Hode a pledge for law. Heading: None.[211]
  • 1340-08-25; court at Wakefield. The plaintiff in a plea of trespass essoins the first time by John Hode. Heading: 'Bailiff'.[212]
  • 1340-08-25; court at Wakefield. John Hode is a pledge for law. Heading: None.[213]
  • 1340-09-15; court at Wakefield. John Hode is a pledge for law. Heading: None.[214]
  • 1348-11-18; court at Wakefield. John Hode of Wakefield essoins the first time by Peter Whitlof. Heading: None.[215]
  • 1348-12-08; court at Wakefield. John de Mora essoins the first time by John Hode but comes afterwards. Heading: None.[216]
  • 1348-12-23; court at Wakefield. John de Mora of Thornes essoins by John Hode. Heading: None.[217]
  • 1348-12-23; court at Wakefield. John Hod of Wakefield attorney for Robert Caylle. Heading: None.[218]
  • 1349-01-20; court at Wakefield. John de Mora of Thornes essoins by J. Hode. Heading: None.[219]
  • 1349-01-20; court at Wakefield. William son of William de Thornes essoins by J. Hode. Heading: 'Thornes'.[220]
  • 1349-02-03; court at Wakefield. Ellen daughter of Thomas Torald, plaintiff, essoins by John Hode. Heading: None.[221]
  • 1349-03-17; court at Wakefield. John de Mora of Thornes essoins by John Hode. Heading: .[222]
  • 1349-04-07; court at Wakefield. John de Mora essoins of common suit by John Hod. John Hod essoins of common suit by William Cussing but comes afterwards. Heading: None.[223]
  • 1349-05-05; court at Wakefield. John Hod of Wakefield essoins of common suit. Heading: None.[224]
  • 1349-05-26; court at Wakefield. John de Mora of Thornes essoins of common suit by John Hod. Heading: None.[225]

Matilda, wife of Robert Hood

Matilda, wife of Robert Hood, figures in two records, both dating from 1316. See the items '1316 - Robert and Matilda Hade of Wakefield' and '1316 - Robert and Matilda Hood of Wakefield' above.

Peter Hood of Wakefield

11 entries relate to Peter Hode, who was the son of a Robert Hode who held land in Sandal:

  • 1331-09-21. Peter Hood essoins by Robert de Mora. Surety is William Templer. Court at Wakefield. Heading 'Essoins'.[226]
  • 1332-10-23. Peter Hode for the first time essoins by Thomas Torald. No heading.[227]
  • 1332-11-23. Peter Hode and William Whighe fined for drawing the blood of William Capon and Thomas Fogald, 12d each. Heading: 'Thornes'.[228]
  • 1338-10-30; tourn at Wakefield. Peter Hode fined 4d. Heading: 'Farmers of the town of Wakefield'.[229]
  • 1339-04-23; tourn at Wakefield. Peter Hode fined 4d. Heading: .[230]
  • 1339-10-14; tourn at Wakefield. Peter Hode pays fee for of practising the trade of cobbler or tanner. Heading: 'Farmers of the town of Wakefield'.[231]
  • 1340-02-18; court at Wakefield. Inquiry to determine if Peter Hode and others falsely presented that John Hode enclosed a certain plot where the township of Wakefield was supposed to have its common while the plot was an individual toft. Heading: 'Bailiff'.[232]
  • 1340-03-10; court at Wakefield. Inquiry as per preceding entry in respite due to lack of jurors. Heading: None.[233]
  • 1340-03-24; court at Wakefield. Peter Hode and others were right that John Hode made a fishpond in Kergate. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[234]
  • 1340-06-02; court at Wakefield. Peter Hode pays fee for of practising the trade of cobbler or tanner. Heading: 'Free farmers'.[235]
  • 1340-09-15; court at Wakefield. Peter Hode fined 3d for vert. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[236]
  • 1350-05-20; court at Wakefield. Robert son of Peter Hode heriots on 1½ acres in le Oldfeld and le Castelfeld of Sandal after the death of Peter his father.[237]

Richard Hood of Wakefield

Richard Hood figures in one record:

  • 1339-04-23; tourn at Wakefield. Fines for drawing blood: Thomas Robard from Alexander Viroun, Alexander Viroun from Thomas Robard; Geoffrey Legom from Alexander Viroun; Richard Hode from John Viroun. Heading: 'Thornes'.[238]

Thomas Hood of Wakefield

5 records found for Thomas, brother of John Hood of Wakefield (I):

  • 1338-10-30; tourn at Wakefield. Wakefield presents several cases of drawing blood, Robert Arthur from William Leche, Thomas Hode from William Leche, William Leche from Thomas Hode. Heading: 'Sergeant'.[239]
  • 1340-03-10; court at Wakefield. William Jonot surrenders land in Wakefield, which is granted to Thomas Hood. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[240]
  • 1340-03-24; court at Wakefield. Order to distrain John Hode, his brother Thomas and several others for carrying off timber from the mill-pond and bridge of Wakefeld. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[241]
  • 1340-04-07; court at Wakefield. John Hode, Thomas his brother and several others carried off timber from the pond and bridge of Wakefeld. Heading: None.[242]
  • 1340-04-21; court at Wakefield. Thomas Hode among several who took timber from the mill-pond and bridge at Wakefield. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[243]

A tale of thieves

John Hood of Wakefield was on a jury which c. 25 July 1316 dealt with an intriguing case:

Richard del Wyndhill — taken as a suspected thief, because he came with a message from several thieves to the wife of the late William de Stodlay [? begging] victuals for the said thieves, and because he threatened the woman to burn her unless she sent food and money by him, and fled when the Earl's foresters tried to attach him for this, and shot at the said foresters with arrows — being asked what he has to say, denies the charges, and refers himself to the court. An inquisition is taken by the oaths of . . . . . . Thorneton, John de la More, William del Okes, Thomas del Bellehous, Richard de Salsa-mara, Richard de Birstall, Robert de Heyrode, Robert de la Grene, Richard de Crosseland, John Hood of Wakefeld, John, s. of Hugh de Northland, and Richard de Counhale — by whom he is found not guilty of frequenting the company of thieves, etc.[244]

This occurs in a section apparently dealing with cases from 'Hipperum', i.e. Hipperholme, c. 3.25 km east of Halifax. Salsa-mara is Saltmarsh.[245] Whether or not the widow was telling the truth, her story sounds more credible than many outlaw tales.

Gude Robert of Clifton

At the court and tourn held at Rastrick/Brighouse on Tuesday 11 October 1339, Gude Robert de Clifton and Thomas son of John de Newal were fined for drawing blood from each other. Probably but not certainly in consequence of this, Richard del Rokes raised the hue and cry on Gude Robert and his fellows, who were amerced (fined) 12d.[246] The Latin phrase 'et sociis suis', which is of course the original reading, is as neutral and as wide in its application as the editor's English rendering, so it gives us no warrant for taking these entries as evidence that Gude Robert was a gang leader. Perhaps he was simply an ordinary peasant with a slightly unusual name who chose to settle a trivial disagreement with Thomas in a very physical manner, bringing along relatives and/or neighbours just in case resistance turned out to be tougher than expected. Perhaps this was something (even) more sinister; after all this happened during a time when large criminal fraternities such as the Coterel gang and the Folvilles of Ashby Folville were active. We shall certainly be keeping an eye out for Gude Robert of Clifton when sifting through medieval records. For now we may note that while his name is not quite as convincing, as glimpsed through these brief records he seems a much more Robin Hood-like character than any of the known tenants of the manor of Wakefield actually named Robert Hood.

Robert Hoods known from other sources

Here follow records other than manor court rolls relating to Robert Hoods who lived in areas with land belonging to the Manor of Wakefield.

[26 Dec. 1377:]
To the sheriff of Middlesex. Writ of supersedeas, by mainprise of John Bather and John Wylde of Hertfordshire, Thomas Belgrave of London and Robert Ode of Yorkshire, in favour of William de Bereford at suit of the king for his ransom for disseising John de Langeford of tenements in Harewe and Great Stanmere, and Mary who was wife of William de Langeford of tenements in those towns.[247]

Background

Also see

Notes

  1. See Yorkshire Archaeological Society: Wakefield Court Rolls.
  2. Hunter, Joseph. The Great Hero of the Ancient Minstrelsy of England, "Robin Hood." His Period, Real Character, etc. investigated and perhaps ascertained (Critical and Historical Tracts, No. 4) (London, 1852).
  3. Visitors who wish to pursue this aspect further may find the overview in WMCR-relationships.zip (MS eXcel file in ZIP archive) useful.
  4. The Yorkshire Archaeological & Historical Society: Wakefield Court Rolls Series.
  5. They are found at the Internet Archive, but are most easily accessible via Huddersfield Exposed: Yorkshire Archaeological Society: Wakefield Court Rolls Series of Publications and Huddersfield Exposed: Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Association: Record Series of Publications.
  6. The entries 1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (1) and 1338 - Robert Hood of Newton (1) explicitly refer to their subject as 'Robert Hode of Neuton' (or similar) while they concern land in Alverthorpe.
  7. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. II: 1297 to 1309 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXXVI) (Leeds, 1906), p. 74.
  8. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. II: 1297 to 1309 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXXVI) (Leeds, 1906), p. 191.
  9. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. II: 1297 to 1309 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXXVI) (Leeds, 1906), p. 182.
  10. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. II: 1297 to 1309 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXXVI) (Leeds, 1906), p. 191.
  11. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. II: 1297 to 1309 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXXVI) (Leeds, 1906), p. 198.
  12. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. II: 1297 to 1309 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXXVI) (Leeds, 1906), p. 219.
  13. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 68.
  14. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 72.
  15. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 72.
  16. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 134.
  17. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 172.
  18. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 15.
  19. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 21.
  20. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 32.
  21. Walker, Sue Sheridan, ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. & introd. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1331 to September 1333 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. III) (Leeds, 1983), pp. 173-74.
  22. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 25.
  23. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 28.
  24. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 34.
  25. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 36.
  26. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 42.
  27. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 75.
  28. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 138.
  29. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 142.
  30. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 75, and see p. 68. Ellipsis as in printed source
  31. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 80, and see p. 78.
  32. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 185, and see p. 184.
  33. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 221.
  34. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 225.
  35. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 33.
  36. Walker, Sue Sheridan, ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. & introd. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1331 to September 1333 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. III) (Leeds, 1983), p. 203.
  37. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 107.
  38. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 186.
  39. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 190.
  40. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 201.
  41. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 4.
  42. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 20.
  43. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 28.
  44. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 28.
  45. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 35.
  46. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 37.
  47. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 44.
  48. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 72.
  49. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 75.
  50. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 150.
  51. Walker, Sue Sheridan, ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. & introd. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1331 to September 1333 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. III) (Leeds, 1983), p. 4.
  52. Walker, Sue Sheridan, ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. & introd. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1331 to September 1333 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. III) (Leeds, 1983), p. 4.
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  171. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 96, and see pp. 97, 95.
  172. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 136.
  173. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 148.
  174. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 129.
  175. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 151.
  176. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 154.
  177. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), pp. 135-36.
  178. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), pp. 164-65, and see p. 163.
  179. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 169, and see p. 166.
  180. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 191.
  181. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 1.
  182. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 23.
  183. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 24.
  184. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), pp. 28, 29.
  185. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), pp. 57, 58.
  186. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 63.
  187. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 73.
  188. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 77.
  189. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 79, and see p. 77.
  190. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 91, and see p. 90.
  191. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 114.
  192. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), pp. 145, 148.
  193. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 126, and see p. 123.
  194. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 147, and see p. 139.
  195. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 167, and see p. 163.
  196. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 224, and see p. 171.
  197. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 181, and see p. 177.
  198. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 182, and see p. 177.
  199. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 188, and see p. 185.
  200. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 65, and see p. 59.
  201. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 89, and see p. 87.
  202. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 73.
  203. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 82, and see p. 79. IRHB's brackets.
  204. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 85, and see p. 83.
  205. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 90, and see p. 88.
  206. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), pp. 142-43, and see p. 139.
  207. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 149, and see p. 139.
  208. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 155, and see p. .
  209. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 207, and see p. 206.
  210. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 224, and see p. 219.
  211. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 238, and see p. 237.
  212. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 247, and see p. 243.
  213. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 247, and see p. 243.
  214. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 249.
  215. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 19.
  216. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 36.
  217. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 44.
  218. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 50, and see p. 44.
  219. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 59.
  220. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 64, and see pp. 64, 59.
  221. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 76, and see p. 68.
  222. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 87.
  223. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 94.
  224. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 100.
  225. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 119.
  226. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 197.
  227. Walker, Sue Sheridan, ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. & introd. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1331 to September 1333 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. III) (Leeds, 1983), p. 122.
  228. Walker, Sue Sheridan, ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. & introd. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1331 to September 1333 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. III) (Leeds, 1983), p. 128.
  229. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 20, and see p. 18.
  230. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 79, and see p. 77.
  231. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 126, and see p. 123.
  232. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 167, and see p. 163.
  233. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 173, and see p. 171.
  234. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 181, and see p. 177.
  235. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 222, and see p. 219.
  236. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 254, and see p. 249.
  237. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), pp. 239, 240. See the list above for this record.
  238. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 78, and see p. 77.
  239. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 20, and see p. 18.
  240. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 175, and see p. 171.
  241. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 182, and see p. 177.
  242. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 188, and see p. 185.
  243. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 195, and see p. 191.
  244. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 148. Lister's brackets and ellipsis.
  245. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 206.
  246. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), pp. 119, 120.
  247. [Bird, W.H.B., ed.; Flower, C.T. ed.; Maxwell-Lyte, Henry Churchill, introd.]. Calendar of the Close Rolls, preserved in the Public Record Office: Richard II. Vol. I. A.D. 1377-1381 (London and Cardiff; Edinburgh; Dublin, 1914), p. 115.