Robin Hoods in Wakefield Manor Court Rolls (links)

From International Robin Hood Bibliography
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From east to west, localities discussed on this page: Stanley, Newton, Wakefield, Alverthorpe, Hipperholme, and Sowerby.
The Manor of Wakefield, from Briginshaw Family. Click to enlarge.
{"pagename":"1307 - Robert Hod of Alverthorpe","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1307},{"pagename":"1308 - Robert Hod of Alverthorpe","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1308},{"pagename":"1308 - Robert Hodde of Alverthorpe","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1308},{"pagename":"1308 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1308},{"pagename":"1308 - Robert Hode of Newton (Alverthorpe)","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1308},{"pagename":"1308 - Robert son of John Hodde of Sowerby","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1308},{"pagename":"1309 - Robert Hod of Wakefield (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1309},{"pagename":"1309 - Robert Hod of Wakefield (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1309},{"pagename":"1309 - Robert Hod of Wakefield (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1309},{"pagename":"1309 - Robert Hode of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1309},{"pagename":"1309 - Robert Hode of Alverthorpe (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1301,"Year":1309},{"pagename":"1313 - Robert Hodde and Robert Hood of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1313},{"pagename":"1313 - Robert son of John Hodde of Sowerby injured","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1313},{"pagename":"1314 - Robert Hodd of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1314},{"pagename":"1314 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1314},{"pagename":"1314 - Robert son of John Hodde of Sowerby (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1314},{"pagename":"1314 - Robert son of John Hodde of Sowerby (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1314},{"pagename":"1315 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1315},{"pagename":"1315 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1315},{"pagename":"1315 - Robert Hoode of Stanley","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1315},{"pagename":"1315 - Robert and Robert sons of John Hood","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1315},{"pagename":"1316 - John son of Robert Hode of Sowerby","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hod of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hodde of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (4)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hood of Newton","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert Hoode","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert and Matilda Hade of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert and Matilda Hood of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1316 - Robert and Robert sons of John Hood","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1316},{"pagename":"1317 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1317},{"pagename":"1317 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1317},{"pagename":"1317 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1317},{"pagename":"1317 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1311,"Year":1317},{"pagename":"1323 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1323},{"pagename":"1323 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1323},{"pagename":"1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1323},{"pagename":"1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1323},{"pagename":"1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1323},{"pagename":"1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (4)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1323},{"pagename":"1324 - Robert Hood (Wakefield Manor)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1324},{"pagename":"1324 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1324},{"pagename":"1324 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1324},{"pagename":"1324 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1324},{"pagename":"1324 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1324},{"pagename":"1325 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1325},{"pagename":"1325 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1325},{"pagename":"1329 - Robert Hood of Newton","Century":14,"Decade":1321,"Year":1329},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hodde of Sowerby","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hode of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (01)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (02)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (03)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (04)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (05)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (06)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (07)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (08)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (09)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (10)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (11)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Newton (12)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1331 - Robert Hood of Wakefield","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1331},{"pagename":"1332 - Robert Hode of Stanley (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1332},{"pagename":"1332 - Robert Hode of Stanley (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1332},{"pagename":"1332 - Robert Hode of Stanley (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1332},{"pagename":"1332 - Robert Hood of Newton","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1332},{"pagename":"1333 - Baker Robert Hood (Wakefield Manor)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hode of Sowerby","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (4)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1333 - Robert Hood of Newton (5)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1333},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (4)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1338 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1338},{"pagename":"1339 - Robert Hode junior of Sowerby","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1339},{"pagename":"1339 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1339},{"pagename":"1339 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1339},{"pagename":"1339 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1339},{"pagename":"1339 - Robert Hood of Alverthorpe (4)","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1339},{"pagename":"1339 - Robert Hood of Newton","Century":14,"Decade":1331,"Year":1339},{"pagename":"1340 - John son of Robert Hode","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - John son of Robert Hode junior","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (1)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (2)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (3)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (4)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (5)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (6)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (7)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (8)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1340 - Robert Hood of Newton (9)","Century":14,"Decade":1341,"Year":1340},{"pagename":"1350 - Robert son of Peter Hode","Century":14,"Decade":1351,"Year":1350},

By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2015-07-11. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2021-01-07.

The Manor of Wakefield was a vast estate covering two large areas of the West Riding of Yorkshire. In addition to Wakefield, townships within the manor included Stansfield, Heptonstall, Northowram, Hipperholme, Brighouse, Clifton, Hartshead, Dewsbury, Ossett, Sandal, Walton, Holme, Shepley, etc. (see map of the estate). An almost unbroken series of records of the manorial court exists from 1274 to 1925, when the manor was dissolved.[1] During the first half of the 14th century, families surnamed Hood with at least one member carrying the first name Robert were found in Wakefield, Alverthorpe, Stanley, Sowerby, and perhaps Sandal (see interactive map below). Joseph Hunter famously suggested that one of these Robert Hoods, a Wakefield tenant who appears in the manor court rolls during the first quarter of the 14th century, was the historical original of the traditional character.[2] For this reason, and also because the other R. Hoods in the court rolls are of interest, we must take a close look at the Robert Hoods mentioned in the court rolls (links to relevant records are found below). This will involve also an account of those of their relatives who appear in the court rolls.[3]

The five first volumes of court rolls to appear were published by the Yorkshire Archaeological & Historical Society in its general records series, while subsequent volumes, published from 1977 on, appear in a dedicated Wakefield Court Rolls Series published by the society.[4] Volumes published no later than 2011 are now freely available in PDF format under a Creative Commons license, which has made it possible to cite most relevant entries in toto without infringing copyright.[5]

Robert Hoods in Wakefield manor court rolls

It is hoped that eventually all court roll entries relating to men named Robert Hood occurring before 1500 will be entered.

103 records of Robert Hoods in the medieval court rolls of the manor of Wakefield:


The Hoods of Alverthorpe

The court rolls examined so far include at least 15 entries relating to a Robert Hood under the heading 'Alverthorpe' (or similar). The most parsimonius assumption is that they all refer to one and the same man, and there seems to be no evidence against this. The same can be said for the records referring to Robert Hood of Newton (see below). The 1309 entry shows that Robert Hood of Alverthorpe was then a grave, an administrative official elected by the township. Taken together, entries dating from the 1320s relating to Robert Hood of Alverthorpe and his namesake of Newton make it all but certain that the two were one and the same person holding land in both vills. It would seem that this Robert Hood was originally from Newton but resident in Alverthorpe.[6] Entries in which 'of Newton' is appended to his name are found in the section following the present. Entries which cannot be connected with a specific vill appear last as a subsection under the present section.

The following 45 records refer to Robert Hood of Alverthorpe:

Richard Hode of Alverthorpe

Richard Hode of Alverthorpe figures in two or three entries. The first of them concerns an R. Hode. 'Richard' and 'Robert' are found combined with that surname in the court rolls, but it goes without saying that they are not the only possible Christian names. However, in view of the other two entries it seems very likely that he is also the person concerned in the first one.

  • 1349-02-03; court at Wakefield. Adam Jordanson ordered to take half an acre which R... Hode surrendered. Heading: None.[7]
  • 1349-03-03; court at Wakefield. Richard Hod surrenders half an acre in Alverthorpe, which is granted to Adam son of Jordan. Heading: 'Alverthorpe'.[8]
  • 1350-07-02; court at Wakefield. Richard Hode surrenders half an acre in Alverthorpe, which is granted to William Gerbot. Heading: None.[9]

Robert Hode jr. of Alverthorpe

Since the above Robert Hode of Alverthorpe figures already in 1307, it is quite likely that it was his son rather than he himself who was the Robert Hode junior whose son John figures in 1340. It is not clear whether John son of Robert Hode, also figuring the latter year, is identical with John son of Robert Hode junior or if he was a son of the older Robert Hode.

No vill mentioned


The Hoods of Newton

45 records concern a Robert Hood of Newton. There is no evidence to show that they do not all refer to one and the same man. Furthermore, records mentioning Robert Hoods of Alverthorpe or Newton during the 1320s make it almost certain that we are concerned with one person holding land in both vills. See further above.

Alice, wife of John Hood of Newton

1 record refers to Alice, wife of John Hood of Newton:

  • 1349-02-03; court at Wakefield. John Hod of Newton and his wife Alice surrender a piece of land in Alverthorpe to William de Fery and his heirs under the condition that if, twelve years from date, John and Alice or their heirs pay William or his executors the 20s William lent them, they will shall again hold it according to custom, otherwise half of the land shall remain to William and his heirs. Heading: 'Alverthorpe'.[10]

John Hood of Newton

7 records concern a John Hood of Newton. There is no evidence to show that they do not all refer to one and the same man.

  • 1336-12-09; court at Wakefield. Order is given to distrain Richard Ivveson to answer John Hude of Newton in a plea of debt. Heading: None.[11]
  • 1348-12-23; court at Wakefield. Richard Iveson does not prosecute against John Hode of Newton in a plea of trespass. Heading: None.[12]
  • 1348-12-23; court at Wakefield. Richard Iveson does not come to answer John Hode of Newton in a plea of debt. Heading: None.[13]
  • 1349-01-20; court at Wakefield. Richard Iveson unjustly detains from John Hode of Newton payment for work and for his food. The name 'Robert' was at first written in the MS, then cancelled and 'John' inserted. Heading: 'Thornes'.[14]
  • 1349-02-03; court at Wakefield. John Hod of Newton and his wife Alice surrender a piece of land in Alverthorpe to William de Fery and his heirs under the condition that if, twelve years from date, John and Alice or their heirs pay William or his executors the 20s William lent them, they will shall again hold it according to custom, otherwise half of the land shall remain to William and his heirs. Heading: 'Alverthorpe'.[15]
  • 1349-06-23; court at Wakefield. John Hode of Newton surrenders land in Newton in the graveship of Alverthorpe, which is granted to Thomas de Fyncheden. Heading: 'Alverthorpe'.[16]
  • 1350-04-09; court at Wakefield. John Hode surrenders land in Newton, which is granted to John Couper. Heading: None.[17]



The Hoods of Sandal

Robert son of Peter Hode inherited his father's lands in Sandal in 1350 (see the record '1350 - Robert son of Peter Hode' listed below under The Hoods of Wakefield). It is unclear if the father, Peter, should be identified with the Peter Hode listed below under Peter Hood of Wakefield. One entry connects John Hood of Wakefield (II) with Sandal. There is no evidence to indicate if or how he was related to Robert and Peter.



The Hoods of Sowerby

Ten court roll entries from the period 1308-39 are concerned with one or both of the sons of John Hood (or Hodde) who were named Robert or with a son of one of them also named Robert.

The following 10 records refer to the Hoods of Sourby:

Richard Hood of Sowerby

Eleven entries in the printed court rolls for the period 1275 to 1313 concern Richard Hood of Sowerby:

  • 1274-11-22: Richard Hodde liable to a fine "for falsely and through hate presenting many trespasses against John de Miggeley and others, the Foresters of Sourby. [...] Respited until the Earl's coming." A Henry Urebrother to be "distrained for the like until he come to make satisfaction." Under heading: "Soureby".[18]
  • 1275-02-02: "Henry Urebrother and Richard Hodde remain under surety, as at the last Court, to answer the Earl as to a false presentment made by them against the Foresters of Soureby, until the Earl's coming." Under heading: "Soureby".[19]
  • 1275-02-02: Richard Hodde fined "for taking a heifer, which he says is his, out of the Earl's custody in the forest of Soureby". Under heading: "Soureby".[20]
  • 1275-05-23: Richard Hood and Henry Urebrother are fined for their false presentment. Under heading: "Sourby".[21]
  • 1275-07-13: "Henry Hourebrother and Richard Hodde complain of William and John de Noteschawe, Robert son of Roger, Richard de Estwode and Robert de Saltonstal, for trespass". Under heading: "Sourby".[22]
  • 1275-08-15: Henry Hourebrother and Richard Hodde implicate the four men just mentioned in the production of the writing against the foresters of Sowerby. They allege that they, Richard Hood and Henry Urebrother, were essentially only messengers in presenting the said accusations, and as they were heavily fined for their actions they now want compensation from the four men named. An inquisition finds for the plaintiffs. Under heading: "Sourby".[23]
  • 1285-01-13: Richard Hodde fined for taking six hazels; under heading: "Sourby".[24]
  • 1285-04-25: Richard Hodde fined for "trespass in le Bekynges"; under heading: "Soureby".[25]
  • 1286-09-08: Richard Hodde figures as pledge for Alice of Wyttcley, two of whose beasts have strayed.[26]
  • 1297-05-11: Richard Hodde surrenders one acre of land to John the Miller; under heading: "Soureby".[27]
  • 1313-10-06; court at Wakefield: Richard Hodde's suit of debt against Elias, son of Ivo, and Robert of Saltonstall respited until Halifax court turn.[28]
  • 1313-10-18; court at Halifax: Richard Hodde sues Elias, son of Ivo, and Robert of Saltonstall for debt and does not prosecute the suit. His fine for this is pardoned because he is old and blind.[29]


An "inquisition touching the evildoers in the Forest of Soureby" was held on 22 November 1274. The members of the panel swore that John de Migeley, one of the earl's foresters, who was charged with poaching a stag, had done no such thing but was "in all things a good and true man towards the Earl and all others." He had been charged also with receiving four oxen and 16 sheep whih were the chattels of Hugh of Barkeshere, a fugitive. The jury said what actually happened was that the king's coroner claimed them for the king's use. They further swore to the innocence of Philip le Waleys and Alan del Rodes, who had been charged with taking a stag and a kid. The stag, they said, had been taken by an employee of Stephen le Waleys. All the foresters of "Souresbyschire", who had been charged with "very many offences in the Forest, such as hunting, vert, and allowing pigs in the Forest for moneys of which the Earl gets no part", were innocent and "in all things good and true men towards the Earl and all others, and keep their bailiwick well in all respects." Finally they stated that the said foresters were also innocent of "having taken 16s. to conceal complaints, fines and attachments". This had been "presented against them through the hate of their enemies."[30]

Of course we cannot entirely rule out the possibility that there were more than one Richard Hodde in Sowerby at the time, but the population of Sowerby stood at a mere 1,743 in 1881,[31] and the medieval village can hardly have had a very large population. All the entries relating to the allegedly false accusations against the foresters of Sowerby must concern a single Richard Hodde, and as some of these associate him with Henry Urebrother, we must assume that the Richard Hodde mentioned in another entry where the two figure together is the same person. Very likely all the above entries refer to one and the same Richard Hodde. He was the father of John Hodde.

John Hood of Sowerby (I)

At least six court roll entries under the heading of Sowerby refer to a John Hood. In three of them he is referred to as John, son of Richard Hodde:

  • 1296-11-06; court at Halifax: John son of Richard Hodde successfully sues Adam son of Alice of Hipperholme for debt; Adam Migge is pledge; under heading: "Sourby".[32]
  • 1296-11-06; court at Halifax: John son of Richard Hodde is a pledge; under heading: "Sourby".[33]
  • 1296-11-06; court at Halifax: Similarly; under heading: "Sourby".[34]
  • 1297-05-11: John Hodde successfully claims 40d. from Adam Migge; under heading: "Soureby".[35]
  • 1297-06-24; court at Wakefield. John, son of Richard Hodde figures as a pledge; under heading: "Soureby".[36]
  • 1297-07-07; court at Wakefield. John Hodde figures twice as a pledge; under heading: "Soureby".[37]


He may also well be the John Hood concerned in these two records:


We cannot entirely rule out the possibility that two or three John Hoods might be involved, but at least three of these entries – those referring to John, son of Richard Hood – can be fairly safely assumed to refer to one and the same man. It is very likely, therefore, that we can thus reconstruct a bit of the family tree of the two Sowerby Robin Hoods: their father was this John Hood whose father, in turn, was the above Richard Hood. It is possible, but does not seem likely, that some of the court roll entries listed under John Hood of Wakefield below do in fact refer to the Sowerby man of that name.

John Hood of Sowerby (II)

Unless there were three Robert Hoods in Sowerby at this time, one of the two Roberts just mentioned in turn had a son named John:


The Hoods of Stanley

The court rolls examined so far include four entries relating to Robert Hood(s) of Stanley.

Adam Hood of Stanley

  • 1286-07-13; probably court at Wakefield. Adam Hod licensed "to take half a bovate of land in Stanley from Adam Balle".[38]

The Hoods of Wakefield

At least 17 court roll entries from the years 1313-31 are concerned with one or more Robert Hoods of Wakefield. In 1313 two persons are concerned, one just referred to as Robert Hodde, the other as "Robert Hodde of Wakefeud". This of course suggests that the first of them came from somewhere else than Wakefield, but I do not think we can be entirely certain of this.

Records mentioning the Wakefield Robin Hoods:


The published court rolls I have examined so far do not reveal the ancestry of the Wakefield Robert Hood or, for that matter, that of his 1313 namesake of unknown abode. However, three other Hoods living in Wakefield are found in the court rolls, each of whom could be the father of the Wakefield Robert Hood.

Adam Hood of Wakefield

An Adam Hod appears in the court rolls from 1274 to 1314. He seems to have been a Wakefield man, but there is no indication of how he was related to the other Wakefield Hoods.

  • 1274-11-22; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod and 23 others, including Henry Hod, swear that they know nothing about the goods and chattels of John the Forester of Sowerby, who was killed. They do not know who has them, what has been done with them or who distributed them; under heading: "Wakefeud".[39]
  • 1277-06-11; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as a pledge.[40]
  • 1277-08-15; court at Wakefield. Similarly.[41]
  • 1285-01-13; court at Wakefield. Similarly.[42]
  • 1285-01-13; probably court at Wakefield. Adam Hod twice acts as a pledge.[43]
  • 1296-10-28; probably court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as a pledge.[44]
  • 1296-11-16; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod on jury that acquits Richard, son of Hugh de Schipeden, who had been indicted at the Tourn at Rastrik for stealing 8 sheep".[45]
  • 1297-02-15; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as a pledge; under heading: "Essoins".[46]
  • 1297, Friday in the first week of Lent; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod on a jury that acquits a woman of stealing a hood; under heading: "Ossete".[47]
  • 1297-03-25; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod twice acts as a pledge; under heading: "Essoigns".[48]
  • 1297, Friday in Easter week; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as a pledge; under heading: "Essoigns".[49]
  • 1297, Friday before Whitsuntide; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod twice acts as a pledge; under heading: "Essoigns".[50]
  • 1297, Friday before Whitsuntide; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod on a jury that acquits two men of burglary; under heading: "Alvirthorpe".[51]
  • 1314-01-13; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as pledge; under heading: "Bailiff".[52]
  • 1314, Friday in Whitsun week (16 June 1314); court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as surety; under heading: "Essoigns".[53]
  • 1314-09-21; court at Wakefield. Adam Hod acts as surety; under heading: "Essoigns".[54]

Agnes Hood of Wakefield

Agnes Hodde is mentioned only once in the published rolls.

  • 1326-11-22; court at Wakefield. Agnes Hodde's handmaid fined 2d for taking dry wood. Heading: 'Wakefeld'.[55]

Henry de Hod

In 1339 John Milner was fined for drawing blood from Henry de Hod.[56] Since no locality is cited as headword for the paragraph in which this entry occurs, it is possible that it relates to Wakefield. However, since it is so much later than the floruit of Henry Hood of Wakefield, it most likely concerns another man. This is also suggested by the element 'de'.

Henry Hood of Wakefield

These three court roll entries relate to a Henry Hood of Wakefield. There is no indication of how he was related to the other Wakefield Hoods.

  • 1274-10-18; court at Wakefield. Henry Hod and nine others charged with trespass but are quit as they "did suit at the Earl's mill." Under heading: "Wakefeud".[57]
  • 1274-11-22; court at Wakefield. Henry Hod is a surety; under heading: "Wakefeud".[58]
  • 1274-11-22; court at Wakefield. Henry Hod and 23 others, including Adam Hod, swear that they know nothing about the goods and chattels of John the Forester of Sowerby, who was killed. They do not know who has them, what has been done with them or who distributed them; under heading: "Wakefeud".[59]

John Hood of Wakefield (I)

A John Hood lived in Wakefield by 1313. He sometimes sat on juries but was also himself now and then in trouble for various relatively minor transgressions. In 1339-40 the types of dubious acts for which he got into trouble are often suggestive of poverty. This micro-biography assumes that most or all of the entries listed below refer to a single individual. This seems likely but is hardly capable of being proved. The entry dated 26 July 1325 certainly refers to two men with the same name, for it notes that 'John Hode of Wakefeld' essoined by John Hode, clerk. For the latter, see John Hood of Wakefield (II) below.

  • 1313-10-12, court at Wakefield: John Hode is fined 12d. for blocking up "a pathway at the end of the town of Wakefeld, in Kergate, between Hesperode and chiterike".[60]
  • 1315-10-10; court at Wakefield. John Hod essoins by Robert Carpenter. Heading: 'Essoins'.[61]
  • 1315-12-06; court at Wakefield. John Hood essoins by William of Sonderland. Heading: 'Essoins'.[62]
  • 1316-02-25, court at Wakefield: John Hod is a member of a jury that acquits an accused thief. The thief was indicted at a tourn at Halifax. Judging by their names, jury members came from localities such as (South) Crossland, Osset and Stanley.[63]
  • 1316-03-12, court at Wakefield; John Hod essoins.[64]
  • 1316-04-14. Similarly.[65]
  • 1316, before 04-14, court at Wakefield; John Hood among a multitude fined for not coming to court.[66]
  • 1316-04-14; court at Wakefield; John Hod essoins.[67]
  • 1316-05-01; tourn at Wakefield. John Sibbeson drew blood from John Hood. He is fined 6d. Heading: None.[68]
  • 1316; Friday in Whitsun week; court at Wakefield. John Hod is a member of a jury that sentences a thief to be hanged in the Whitsun week of that year. Judging from their names, the jury members are from Birstall, "Crosseland" (South Crossland), Ossett, Saltonstall, etc.[69]
  • 1316-07-25; court at Wakefield. "John Hood of Wakefeld" sits on a jury that includes members with surnames such as Birstall and Crosseland.[70]
  • 1316-07-31; court at Wakefield. John essoins Hood by William Marjoriman. Heading: 'Essoins'.[71]
  • 1316-08-05; court at Wakefield. John Hod stands surety for an essoin.[72]
  • 1316-08-29; court at Wakefield. John Hod essoins.[73]
  • 1316-10-15; court at Wakefield. John Hood essoins by Peter the Pynder. Heading: 'Essoins'.[74]
  • 1317-01-06; court at Wakefield. John Hood on a jury which finds Thomas Maufesour guilty of theft. Heading: 'Bailiff'.[75]
  • 1317-01-25; court at Wakefield. John Hood member of a jury which finds John Leggundo guilty of burglary. Heading: None.[76]
  • 1317-05-12; court at Wakefield. John Hood essoins by Thomas of Whitteley. Heading: 'Essoins'.[77]
  • 1322/23-03-12; court of the King, held at Wakefield. John Hode essoins by Thomas Thorald, Henry Tasch being surety. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[78]
  • 1323-08-05; court at Wakefield. John Hode essoins by John de Sandale. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[79]
  • 1323-08-24; court at Wakefield. John Hode essoins by William Filche. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[80]
  • 1324-05-06: court at Wakefield. John Hode essoins by William de Castilford. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[81]
  • 1324/25-01-13; court at Wakefield. John Hood member of a jury which acquits Robert son of Ivo de Snaipthorp of stealing beasts from Emma Brounsmith. Under heading: 'Thornes'.[82]
  • 1325-04-12; court at Wakefield. John Hood essoins by William Cussing, surety being John Attebarre. Heading: 'Essoins'.[83]
  • 1325-07-26; court at Wakefield. 'John Hode of Wakefeld' essoins by John Hode, clerk. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[84]
  • 1325-09-07; court at Wakefield. John Hood essoins by Thomas Torald, surety is William del Okes. Heading: 'Essoins'.[85]
  • 1325-09-07; court at Wakefield. John Hood fined 2d for dry wood.[86]
  • 1326-11-22; court at Wakefield. John Hod essoins by John Pollard, surety being William Cussing. Heading: 'Essoins'.[87]
  • 1327-05-06; court at Wakefield. John Hodde essoins by William Templer; surety is Thomas Alayn. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[88]
  • 1329-05-03; sheriff's tourn at Wakefeld. The wives of John Hood, Thomas Tutche and many others fined for ale contrary to assize. Heading: 'Wakefeld'.[89]
  • 1339-10-14; tourn at Wakefield. John Hode to be attached for enclosing a piece of land which the township ought to have in common every third year and in open time. Heading: none.[90]
  • 1339-11-26; court at Wakefield. Inquiry found John Hode guilty of enclosing plot where township of Horbury has its common. He is fined. Heading: 'Bailiff'.[91]
  • 1340-02-18; court at Wakefield. Inquiry to determine if it was falsely presented that John Hode enclosed a plot supposed to be the common of the township of Wakefeld. Heading: 'Bailiff'.[92]
  • 1340-03-10; court at Wakefield. Preceding enquiry in respite for lack of jurors. Heading: None.[93]
  • 1340-03-24; court at Wakefield. Jury finds against John Hode in the above case. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[94]
  • 1340-03-24; court at Wakefield. Order to distrain John Hode, his brother Thomas and several others for carrying off timber from the mill-pond and bridge of Wakefeld. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[95]
  • 1340-04-07; court at Wakefield. John Hode, Thomas his brother and several others carried off timber from the pond and bridge of Wakefeld. Heading: None.[96]
  • 1349-01-20; court at Wakefield. Richard Iveson had no damage in his crop by his beasts by default of John Hode, so Richard to take nothing by his plea, is fined 3d. Heading: 'Thornes'.[97]
  • 1349-03-17; court at Wakefield. John Hode, suitor, amerced because he does not come to do his suit but comes afterwards. Heading: .[98]

Unless we believe both John Hood of Sowerby and John Hood of Wakefield sat on juries in 1316, it seems most natural to assume that all the entries just listed refer to the Wakefield man, but there is of course the possibility that the Sowerby and Wakefield John Hood were one and the same person. The man I have referred to as John Hood of Sowerby is in fact never explicitly connected with that town, but his two sons (or two of his sons) are, and cases concerning him are listed under that locality. One or both sons named Robert Hood was/were involved in property transactions there, one was injured there, and both were fined for animals straying into the wood there. Whether or not he should be identified with his namesake of Sowerby, the Wakefield John Hood could be the father of the Robert Hood of Wakefield who is mentioned in 1313 and 1314 (once each year) as well as 1315 and 1316 (twice each year), but of this we have no evidence whatsoever. It is not clear with which namesake, if any, we should identify the 'John Hode, clerk' by whom 'John Hode of Wakefeld' essoined on 26 July 1325 or, ultimately, which of them (if any) is the man whose life record in the manor court rolls is listed above. However, in cases such as this, adhering to the principle of parsimony is the only way to avoid arbitrariness. Two John Hoods occurring in the same record are of course two different men. The older of them should perhaps be identified wit his namesake of Sowerby. So in the absence of evidence to the contrary we should assume that no more than two or three John Hoods are concerned.

John Hood of Wakefield (II)

This man is identified as 'John Hode, clerk' in the entry dated 1325-07-26, for which see below. Also see John Hood of Wakefield (I) above. He is connected with Wakefield solely through his namesake of that town essoining by him. This could be a case of a son acting in support of his ageing father, but assuming the records listed below refer to him, it must be said that he often acted in a similar capacity in cases concerning people whose surname he did not share. The chief basis for identifying John Hoods occuring in records dating from 1339-40 with either the first or the second John Hood has been the fact that one was a peasant, the other a clerk. Some may want to move some of the items in the present list to that under John Hood of Wakefield (I) and vice versa. Since several of the entries listed below appear in the court rolls under the headword 'Sandal', it is interesting to note that the 1323-08-05 entry under John Hood of Wakefield (I) above has him essoin by 'John de Sandale'. Perhaps, therefore, we should identify the latter with the subject of this paragraph and rename him John Hood of Sandal. It must be noted, however, that the headings or headwords under which the below records are found in the MS refer to localities where the person(s) with whom the cases are concerned live or own land. They do not refer to the home localties of those acting as pledge or by whom someone essoins or is represented. It should also be noted that all the cases in question were dealth with at the court at Wakefield and that the fact that John Hood of Wakefield (II) was a clerk may account for his presence at court in all the cases in which he was not directly concerned. Therefore only the entry dated 1339-07-02 actually suggests that John Hood of Wakefield (II) may have been connected with Sandal.

  • 1325-07-26; court at Wakefield. 'John Hode of Wakefeld' essoins by John Hode, clerk. Under heading: 'Essoins'.[99]
  • 1339-05-28; court at Wakefield. William del Rodes, defendant in plea of debt, essoins first time by John Hode. Heading: 'Sandal'.[100]
  • 1339-06-11; court at Wakefield. William del Rodes essoins second time by John Hode. Heading: 'Sandal'.[101]
  • 1339-07-02; court at Wakefield. John Hode plaintiff and John le Shephird and John his son agree in a plea of debt. Heading: 'Sandal'.[102]
  • 1339-11-26. court at Wakefield. John Hode acts as pledge. Heading: 'Bailiff'.[103]
  • 1339-11-26; court at Wakefield. J. Hod to represent plaintiff in plea of debt. Heading: 'Sandal'.[104] The initial likely stands for 'John'.
  • 1339-12-17; court at Wakefield. John Hode is attorney of Cecily, widow of William le Heir, plaintiff in plea of debt. Heading: 'Sandal'.[105]
  • 1340-05-12; court at Wakefield. John Hode stands pledge at court. Heading: 'Stanley'.[106]
  • 1340-06-02; tourn at Wakefield. John Hode appears as a juror. Heading: None.[107]
  • 1340-07-28; court at Wakefield. John Hode a pledge for law. Heading: None.[108]
  • 1340-08-25; court at Wakefield. The plaintiff in a plea of trespass essoins the first time by John Hode. Heading: 'Bailiff'.[109]
  • 1340-08-25; court at Wakefield. John Hode is a pledge for law. Heading: None.[110]
  • 1340-09-15; court at Wakefield. John Hode is a pledge for law. Heading: None.[111]
  • 1348-11-18; court at Wakefield. John Hode of Wakefield essoins the first time by Peter Whitlof. Heading: None.[112]
  • 1348-12-08; court at Wakefield. John de Mora essoins the first time by John Hode but comes afterwards. Heading: None.[113]
  • 1348-12-23; court at Wakefield. John de Mora of Thornes essoins by John Hode. Heading: None.[114]
  • 1348-12-23; court at Wakefield. John Hod of Wakefield attorney for Robert Caylle. Heading: None.[115]
  • 1349-01-20; court at Wakefield. John de Mora of Thornes essoins by J. Hode. Heading: None.[116]
  • 1349-01-20; court at Wakefield. William son of William de Thornes essoins by J. Hode. Heading: 'Thornes'.[117]
  • 1349-02-03; court at Wakefield. Ellen daughter of Thomas Torald, plaintiff, essoins by John Hode. Heading: None.[118]
  • 1349-03-17; court at Wakefield. John de Mora of Thornes essoins by John Hode. Heading: .[119]
  • 1349-04-07; court at Wakefield. John de Mora essoins of common suit by John Hod. John Hod essoins of common suit by William Cussing but comes afterwards. Heading: None.[120]
  • 1349-05-05; court at Wakefield. John Hod of Wakefield essoins of common suit. Heading: None.[121]
  • 1349-05-26; court at Wakefield. John de Mora of Thornes essoins of common suit by John Hod. Heading: None.[122]

Matilda, wife of Robert Hood

Matilda, wife of Robert Hood, figures in two records, both dating from 1316. See the items '1316 - Robert and Matilda Hade of Wakefield' and '1316 - Robert and Matilda Hood of Wakefield' above.

Peter Hood of Wakefield

11 entries relate to Peter Hode, who was the son of a Robert Hode who held land in Sandal:

  • 1331-09-21. Peter Hood essoins by Robert de Mora. Surety is William Templer. Court at Wakefield. Heading 'Essoins'.[123]
  • 1332-10-23. Peter Hode for the first time essoins by Thomas Torald. No heading.[124]
  • 1332-11-23. Peter Hode and William Whighe fined for drawing the blood of William Capon and Thomas Fogald, 12d each. Heading: 'Thornes'.[125]
  • 1338-10-30; tourn at Wakefield. Peter Hode fined 4d. Heading: 'Farmers of the town of Wakefield'.[126]
  • 1339-04-23; tourn at Wakefield. Peter Hode fined 4d. Heading: .[127]
  • 1339-10-14; tourn at Wakefield. Peter Hode pays fee for of practising the trade of cobbler or tanner. Heading: 'Farmers of the town of Wakefield'.[128]
  • 1340-02-18; court at Wakefield. Inquiry to determine if Peter Hode and others falsely presented that John Hode enclosed a certain plot where the township of Wakefield was supposed to have its common while the plot was an individual toft. Heading: 'Bailiff'.[129]
  • 1340-03-10; court at Wakefield. Inquiry as per preceding entry in respite due to lack of jurors. Heading: None.[130]
  • 1340-03-24; court at Wakefield. Peter Hode and others were right that John Hode made a fishpond in Kergate. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[131]
  • 1340-06-02; court at Wakefield. Peter Hode pays fee for of practising the trade of cobbler or tanner. Heading: 'Free farmers'.[132]
  • 1340-09-15; court at Wakefield. Peter Hode fined 3d for vert. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[133]
  • 1350-05-20; court at Wakefield. Robert son of Peter Hode heriots on 1½ acres in le Oldfeld and le Castelfeld of Sandal after the death of Peter his father.[134]

Richard Hood of Wakefield

Richard Hood figures in one record:

  • 1339-04-23; tourn at Wakefield. Fines for drawing blood: Thomas Robard from Alexander Viroun, Alexander Viroun from Thomas Robard; Geoffrey Legom from Alexander Viroun; Richard Hode from John Viroun. Heading: 'Thornes'.[135]

Thomas Hood of Wakefield

5 records found for Thomas, brother of John Hood of Wakefield (I):

  • 1338-10-30; tourn at Wakefield. Wakefield presents several cases of drawing blood, Robert Arthur from William Leche, Thomas Hode from William Leche, William Leche from Thomas Hode. Heading: 'Sergeant'.[136]
  • 1340-03-10; court at Wakefield. William Jonot surrenders land in Wakefield, which is granted to Thomas Hood. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[137]
  • 1340-03-24; court at Wakefield. Order to distrain John Hode, his brother Thomas and several others for carrying off timber from the mill-pond and bridge of Wakefeld. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[138]
  • 1340-04-07; court at Wakefield. John Hode, Thomas his brother and several others carried off timber from the pond and bridge of Wakefeld. Heading: None.[139]
  • 1340-04-21; court at Wakefield. Thomas Hode among several who took timber from the mill-pond and bridge at Wakefield. Heading: 'Wakefield'.[140]

A tale of thieves

John Hood of Wakefield was on a jury which c. 25 July 1316 dealt with an intriguing case:

Richard del Wyndhill — taken as a suspected thief, because he came with a message from several thieves to the wife of the late William de Stodlay [? begging] victuals for the said thieves, and because he threatened the woman to burn her unless she sent food and money by him, and fled when the Earl's foresters tried to attach him for this, and shot at the said foresters with arrows — being asked what he has to say, denies the charges, and refers himself to the court. An inquisition is taken by the oaths of . . . . . . Thorneton, John de la More, William del Okes, Thomas del Bellehous, Richard de Salsa-mara, Richard de Birstall, Robert de Heyrode, Robert de la Grene, Richard de Crosseland, John Hood of Wakefeld, John, s. of Hugh de Northland, and Richard de Counhale — by whom he is found not guilty of frequenting the company of thieves, etc.[141]

This occurs in a section apparently dealing with cases from 'Hipperum', i.e. Hipperholme, c. 3.25 km east of Halifax. Salsa-mara is Saltmarsh.[142] Whether or not the widow was telling the truth, her story sounds more credible than many outlaw tales.


Gude Robert of Clifton

At the court and tourn held at Rastrick/Brighouse on Tuesday 11 October 1339, Gude Robert de Clifton and Thomas son of John de Newal were fined for drawing blood from each other. Probably but not certainly in consequence of this, Richard del Rokes raised the hue and cry on Gude Robert and his fellows, who were amerced (fined) 12d.[143] The Latin phrase 'et sociis suis', which is of course the original reading, is as neutral and as wide in its application as the editor's English rendering, so it gives us no warrant for taking these entries as evidence that Gude Robert was a gang leader. Perhaps he was simply an ordinary peasant with a slightly unusual name who chose to settle a trivial disagreement with Thomas in a very physical manner, bringing along relatives and/or neighbours just in case resistance turned out to be tougher than expected. Perhaps this was something (even) more sinister; after all this happened during a time when large criminal fraternities such as the Coterel gang and the Folvilles of Ashby Folville were active. We shall certainly be keeping an eye out for Gude Robert of Clifton when sifting through medieval records. For now we may note that while his name is not quite as convincing, as glimpsed through these brief records he seems a much more Robin Hood-like character than any of the known tenants of the manor of Wakefield actually named Robert Hood.


Robert Hoods known from other sources

Here follow records other than manor court rolls relating to Robert Hoods who lived in areas with land belonging to the Manor of Wakefield.


Background


Also see

Notes

  1. See Yorkshire Archaeological Society: Wakefield Court Rolls.
  2. Hunter, Joseph. The Great Hero of the Ancient Minstrelsy of England, "Robin Hood." His Period, Real Character, etc. investigated and perhaps ascertained (Critical and Historical Tracts, No. 4) (London, 1852).
  3. Visitors who wish to pursue this aspect further may find the overview in WMCR-relationships.zip (MS eXcel file in ZIP archive) useful.
  4. The Yorkshire Archaeological & Historical Society: Wakefield Court Rolls Series.
  5. They are found at the Internet Archive, but are most easily accessible via Huddersfield Exposed: Yorkshire Archaeological Society: Wakefield Court Rolls Series of Publications and Huddersfield Exposed: Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Association: Record Series of Publications.
  6. The entries 1323 - Robert Hood of Newton (1) and 1338 - Robert Hood of Newton (1) explicitly refer to their subject as 'Robert Hode of Neuton' (or similar) while they concern land in Alverthorpe.
  7. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 75, and see p. 68. Ellipsis as in printed source
  8. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 80, and see p. 78.
  9. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 185, and see p. 184.
  10. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 75, and see p. 68.
  11. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 42, and see p. 36.
  12. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 45, and see p. 44.
  13. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 50, and see p. 44.
  14. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 64, and see pp. 64 nn. 1-2, 59.
  15. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 75, and see p. 68.
  16. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 129, and see p. 128.
  17. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 174, and see p. 173.
  18. Baildon (1901a), p. 96; for date see p. 93
  19. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 104.
  20. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 105.
  21. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 107.
  22. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 142; date cf. p. 137.
  23. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 151f; date cf. p. 151.
  24. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 195; date cf. p. 193.
  25. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 201; date cf. p. 199.
  26. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 178; date cd. p. 176.
  27. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 285; heading cf. p. 283; date cf. pp. 278, 283.
  28. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 1.
  29. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 6.
  30. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), pp. 93-95.
  31. Wikipedia: Sowerby.
  32. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 244.
  33. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 244.
  34. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 246; date and location cf. p. 344.
  35. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 284; heading cf. p. 283; date cf. pp. 278, 283.
  36. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), date cf. p. 292; court location cf. p. 287.
  37. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), date cf. p. 296; court location cf. p. 287.
  38. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 227; date cf. p. 226
  39. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 92; date cf. p. 87.
  40. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 166; date cf. p. 165.
  41. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 176; date cf. p. 175.
  42. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 194; date cf. p. 193; court location cf. pp. 190, 193.
  43. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 204.
  44. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 238; date cf. p. 237.
  45. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 250; date and location cf. p. 248.
  46. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 266; location cf. p. 263.
  47. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 272; court location cf. p. 263.
  48. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 273; court location cf. p. 263.
  49. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 276; date cf. p. 275; court location cf. p. 263.
  50. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 289; date cf. p. 288; court location cf. p. 287.
  51. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 290; date cf. p. 288; court location cf. p. 287.
  52. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 25.
  53. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 53.
  54. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 66.
  55. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 93, and see p. 90.
  56. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 120.
  57. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 86; date cf. p. 82.
  58. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 90; date cf. p. 87.
  59. Baildon, William Paley, ed. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Vol. I: 1274 to 1297 (The Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. XXIX) (Leeds, 1901), p. 92; date cf. p. 87.
  60. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 5.
  61. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 1.
  62. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), pp. 34-35.
  63. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 109.
  64. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 112.
  65. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 133.
  66. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 132; court location cf. p. 127; date cf. p. 127.
  67. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 133.
  68. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 96, and see pp. 97, 95.
  69. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 136.
  70. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 148.
  71. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 129.
  72. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 151.
  73. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 154.
  74. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), pp. 135-36.
  75. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), pp. 164-65, and see p. 163.
  76. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 169, and see p. 166.
  77. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 191.
  78. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 1.
  79. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 23.
  80. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 24.
  81. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), pp. 28, 29.
  82. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), pp. 57, 58.
  83. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 63.
  84. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 73.
  85. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 77.
  86. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 79, and see p. 77.
  87. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 91, and see p. 90.
  88. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 114.
  89. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), pp. 145, 148.
  90. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 126, and see p. 123.
  91. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 147, and see p. 139.
  92. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 167, and see p. 163.
  93. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 224, and see p. 171.
  94. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 181, and see p. 177.
  95. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 182, and see p. 177.
  96. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 188, and see p. 185.
  97. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 65, and see p. 59.
  98. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 89, and see p. 87.
  99. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 73.
  100. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 82, and see p. 79. IRHB's brackets.
  101. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 85, and see p. 83.
  102. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 90, and see p. 88.
  103. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), pp. 142-43, and see p. 139.
  104. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 149, and see p. 139.
  105. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 155, and see p. .
  106. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 207, and see p. 206.
  107. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 224, and see p. 219.
  108. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 238, and see p. 237.
  109. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 247, and see p. 243.
  110. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 247, and see p. 243.
  111. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 249.
  112. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 19.
  113. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 36.
  114. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 44.
  115. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 50, and see p. 44.
  116. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 59.
  117. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 64, and see pp. 64, 59.
  118. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 76, and see p. 68.
  119. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 87.
  120. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 94.
  121. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 100.
  122. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), p. 119.
  123. Walker, J.W., ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.], Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. V. 1322-1331 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. CIX) (1945), p. 197.
  124. Walker, Sue Sheridan, ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. & introd. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1331 to September 1333 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. III) (Leeds, 1983), p. 122.
  125. Walker, Sue Sheridan, ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. & introd. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1331 to September 1333 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. III) (Leeds, 1983), p. 128.
  126. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 20, and see p. 18.
  127. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 79, and see p. 77.
  128. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 126, and see p. 123.
  129. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 167, and see p. 163.
  130. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 173, and see p. 171.
  131. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 181, and see p. 177.
  132. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 222, and see p. 219.
  133. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 254, and see p. 249.
  134. Jewell, Helen M., ed.; Vaughan, Richard, gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, from September 1348 to September 1350 (The Wakefield Court Rolls, Second Series, vol. II) (Claremont, Leeds, [1980]), pp. 239, 240. See the list above for this record.
  135. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 78, and see p. 77.
  136. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 20, and see p. 18.
  137. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 175, and see p. 171.
  138. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 182, and see p. 177.
  139. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 188, and see p. 185.
  140. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), p. 195, and see p. 191.
  141. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.] Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, vol. III (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LVII (1917), p. 148. Lister's brackets and ellipsis.
  142. Lister, John, ed.; [Stokes, Ethel, transcr.]; [Longbotham, A.T., index.]. Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield. Vol. IV. 1315 to 1317 (Yorkshire Archæological Society, Record Series, vol. LXXVIII) (1930), p. 206.
  143. Katherine, M. Troup, ed.; Fraser, C. M., gen. ed. The Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield from October 1338 to September 1340 (The Wakefield Court Rolls Series of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, vol. XII) (Leeds, 1999), pp. 119, 120.