Robin Hood's Mill (Stackhouse)
|Adm. div.||West Riding of Yorkshire|
|Vicinity||c. 1 km NNE of Stackhouse, between the Ribble and Stainforth Lane|
|Interest||Robin Hood name|
By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2014-08-27. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2021-01-07.'Robin Hood's Mill' is or was the name of a place where the rumblings of a subterranean waterfall can or could be heard overground. This is the only known example of an acoustic phenomenon leading to a locality being named after Robin Hood. The place-name is included on an 1851 O.S. 6" map of the Stainforth neighbourhood (formerly West Riding, now North Yorkshire). It is also found on later O.S. 6" maps of the area dated 1896 and 1910 (see Maps section below). The waterfall may have been located under the field between Stainforth Lane to the west and the Ribble to the east, but it is also possible it was located under the southeastern corner of the neighbouring field immediately west of Stainforth Lane. Depending on the exact location of the 'mill', Robin Hood Close was located immediately south or southeast of it.
Robin Hood's Mill is the name given to a spot between Little Stainforth and Stackhouse, where a rumbling noise may be heard below the ground, doubtless caused by a subterranean waterfall, such as are not uncommon in this district.
Yorkshire is unique in Britain for underground cascades and waterfalls. In many dales and moors the sheets of mountain limestone are fissured and cracked by past earth-movements, and the rain-water, percolating through the heather, bog, and grass, has dissolved shafts and steps into the depths. At many fissures, even on high moors and ridges, the sound of falling water can be heard, and of course there are jets and fountains in the potholes which require special equipment for their descent. If you lay your ear to the ground at a certain point in Ribblesdale you will hear "how the water comes down at Lodore" in fairyland, although not so much as a rivulet is to be seen outside Robin Hood's Mill. Hellen Pot has an underground waterfall of about 40 feet, and many others could be recorded. Hull Pot, an open fissure near Horton-in-Ribblesdale, also has a fall of 50 feet, part of which is visible. Alum Pot, on the south side of the Ribble, has a water-course entering 50 feet below the surface by way of Long Churn, a side gallery which itself has one or two small water-falls. At the lip there is a rush of water into the black main chamber.
- Not included in Dobson, R. B., ed.; Taylor, J., ed. Rymes of Robyn Hood: an Introduction to the English Outlaw (London, 1976), pp. 293-311.
- 6" O.S. map Yorkshire 132 (1851, surveyed 1847) (Robin Hood's Mill indicated).
- 6" O.S. map Yorkshire CXXXII (1896, surveyed 1893-94) (Robin Hood's Mill indicated).
- 6" O.S. map Yorkshire CXXXII.NW (1910, surveyed 1907) (Robin Hood's Mill indicated).
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The red dots indicate Robin Hood's Mill, top left (possible location) or top right (probable location), with Robin Hood Close just below.