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Persons with names of minor characters (record texts)

{"pagename":"1225 - Willelmus Scarlat of Dieppe","alcent":13,"aldecade":1221,"alyear":1225},{"pagename":"1242 - Robert Hode kills man at North Petherton","alcent":13,"aldecade":1241,"alyear":1242},{"pagename":"1339 - William Scarlet of Lostwithiel","alcent":14,"aldecade":1331,"alyear":1339},{"pagename":"1364 - William Scarlet of Barnstaple","alcent":14,"aldecade":1361,"alyear":1364},{"pagename":"1364 - William Scarlet of Whaplode","alcent":14,"aldecade":1361,"alyear":1364},{"pagename":"1371 - William Scarlet steals wine from Black Prince","alcent":14,"aldecade":1371,"alyear":1371},{"pagename":"1374 - William Scarlet of Southampton","alcent":14,"aldecade":1371,"alyear":1374},{"pagename":"1450 - William Scarlet of Dersingham","alcent":15,"aldecade":1451,"alyear":1450},{"pagename":"1493 - Lands formerly belonging to William Scarlet","alcent":15,"aldecade":1491,"alyear":1493},

By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2015-08-28. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2018-11-08.

Below will be found lists of records relating to historical persons with names similar or identical to those of minor characters in the Robin Hood tradition or who otherwise are reminiscent of such minor characters. Records relating to persons named Richard at the Lee or similar are listed on a separate page because that list is potentially a long one. Little John gets a page of his own; he is too important to be considered a minor character.

Much the Miller's son

The following record concerns a person reminiscent of Much the Miller's son:

1242 - Robert Hode kills man at North Petherton

Walter Bragge, Robert Hode, William the little miller (le petit muner), and Margery his wife beat Jordan Heywulf' so that he died. William and Margery fled to the church of Perton' and abjured the realm. William was in the tithing of the Hospital of Perton'. Therefore it is in mercy. His chattels, 3s., for which the sheriff must answer. Walter and Robert have fled. Therefore let them be exacted and outlawed. They were in the same tithing. Therefore it is in mercy. They had no chattels.[1]

Will Scarlet/Scathlock

The following 8 records concern a person named William Scarlet:

1225 - Willelmus Scarlat of Dieppe

Pro mercatoribus de Depe. Henricus de Caldecot, Willelmus Spileman, Robertus de Poerevill, Michael od la Buche, Willelmus Scarlat, Duchinus filius Rumaldi, Johannes Miffant, Laurencius Miffant, Thomas frater ejus, Gilebertus Crespin, Gilebertus de Templo et Winebertus filius Godefridi, mercatores de Depe, habent licentiam negotiandi per potestatem regis in forma qua prius habuerunt, hoc excepto, quod ubi dicitur quod 'secure veniant in Angliam' dicitur quod 'secure veniant in potestatem nostram.' Teste rege, apud Westmonasterium, xviij die Aprilis.
 Homines de Depe habent generaliter licentiam in eadem forma. Teste ut supra.

[IRHB translation:]

For merchants from Dieppe. Henry de Caldecot, William Spileman, Robert de Poerevill, Michael od la Buche, William Scarlat, Duchinus son of Rumald, John Miffant, Laurence Miffant, Thomas his brother, Gilbert Crespin, Gilbert de Temple and Winebert son of Godefrid, merchants from Dieppe, have license by the power of the king to trade in his realm in the form they had previously, with this exception that where it says 'come safely to England' it says 'come safely to our realm.' Witness the king, at Westminster, the 18th day of April.
 Men of Dieppe have a general license in the same form. Witness as above.[2]

1339 - William Scarlet of Lostwithiel

[6 Oct. 1339:]
To the bailiffs of Lostwithiel or to the keeper of the gaol there. Order to release, without delay, John Dreu, mayor of Bodemyn, John Coterell, Luke Dony, Ralph le Bere and Richard Roger, burgesses of that town, and not to aggrieve their mainpernors, as lately at the suit of the men of Bodemyn showing that the town is not a sea port and that the men of the town have no ships or mariners and had not been wont to find ships to set out in the king's service, and Theobald Trussel, by virtue of the commission made to him by William Trussel, admiral of the fleet from the mouth of the Thames towards the west, to arrest all ships for the king's service in Cornwall, exacted 4 ships of war from those men and caused them to be distrained therefor, and caused the mayor and others to be imprisoned at Lostwithiele, and detained there until they should find the ships, and they beseeching the king to provide a remedy, he appointed Reginald de Botreaux, Richard de Hiwish and Henry de Trethewy to take inquisition upon the matter by men of the county, and by inquisition taken by Reginald and Henry it is found that Bodemyn is not a sea port and is 6 leagues and more from the nearest port, and that the men of the town have no ship, except that William Scoer, William Scarlet, Roger Blake, Thomas le Goldesmyth of Bodemyn and Thomas Gueynt of Lostwithiele have a ship in common in the water of Fawy, and that there are no other mariners in the town of Bodemyn, and the men of the town have not been wont to find a ship in times past, and the mayor and others refused to find a ship and were taken by Theobald and are imprisoned at Lostwithiel. Proviso that William and the others answer for the ship in the water of Fawy, and send it to set out with the king's fleet.By C.[3]

1364 - William Scarlet of Barnstaple

[8 May 1364:]
Licence, for one year, for the commonalty of the town of Plummuth to take from their port 2,000 cloths of colour and 2,000 packs of cloths of the counties of Devon and Cornwall to Gascony and Spain and other places beyond the seas subject to the king’s lordship in the south and west, to trade with; and to buy with the money arising from the sale wines and merchandise and bring the same to England to make their profit of. By K. & C.
 The like to the following:—
William Scarlet, for 10 packs of cloths of the counties of Devon and Cornwall, from the port of Plymouth.
William Scarlet of Barnstaple, for 10 packs of cloths, 40 woollen cloths of colour of the counties of Devon, Somerset, and Cornwall and 20 tons of fish called ‘hakes,’ from the port of Plymouth.

1364 - William Scarlet of Whaplode

[26 Dec. 1364:]
Commission to Richard Bukham and John atte Halle, pursuant to the ordinance made with the assent of the council that no one cross the sea from the realm without the king’s special licence and that in the case of all persons who cross diligent scrutiny be made that they do not take with them gold or silver in money or mass, jewels or letters of exchange, and that, in case any such be found on any one crossing on the sea or an arm of the sea or on water running to the sea, the bearer shall be arrested and sent before the king and council, merchants known to be such crossing for business only excepted, and these shall find security before the bailifis or keepers of the port or place where they cross that the money which they have shall be used only for trade, on pain in the case of the sender of forfeiture of the amount sent and in the case of the bearer of imprisonment and ransom thereout at the king’s will, also that diligent search be made that none coming into the realm bring from the court of Rome or elsewhere beyond seas, and none going from the realm take, letters patent, bulls, instruments, processes or anything prejudicial to the king, his realm or his subjects, and that none going with the king’s licence to the court of Rome or other parts beyond the seas pass in any port or place before he have found security before the king in the chancery that he will not do or procure to be done anything that may fall out to the prejudice of the king, his realm or his subjects or the weakening of the laws of the realm, to make such scrutiny in the port and town of Emnesworth. By p.s.
&emsp:The like to the following in the ports and towns named:—
  John atte Hasse and William Scarlet, 'le puisne,'  Quaplad.

1371 - William Scarlet steals wine from Black Prince

[10 July 1371:]
Commission of oyer and terminer to Richard de Stafford, William de Wychyngham, Edmund de Chelreye, Henry Percehay and John Cary, on complaint by Edward, prince of Aquitaine and Wales, and duke of Cornwall, that Thomas Irissh, Baldwin atte Leye, Peter Godesgrace, Odo Trevelan, John Kyn, Robert Kyn, Richard Dory, John Pyk, Odo Hog, John Chapmon of Porpirra, William Spaynull, John Anissh, John Hobbe, John Sherere, Oger Moram, William atte Leye, Thomas Gilbert, Robert Tregon of Lost, John Kynte of Lost, Roger Swenge of Lost, John de la Wedel of Lost, John Umfrey of Lost, John Hikedon of Lost, John Hora of Lost, John Huwet of Lost, Richard Pruet of Lost, Laurence Bodynet, Thomas Rouland, John Martyn of Lost, William Carpenter, John Hog, Nicholas Pegau, Thomas Pegau, Philip Benet, William Cok, John Teyr, Richard Mayho, Nicholas Martyn, Thomas Raulyn, Thomas Hog, Henry atte Leye, Stephen Athelard, Richard Randolf, John Broun, William Gill, Nicholas Irissh, Adam Blake, John Robert, Martinl Pierres, Richard Asshman, Nicholas Taban, Henry Dannet, John Sutch, John Gibbe, John Langourthoi, Michael Greuk, Martin Boye, John Scurleg, John Hora of Fawy, Odo Ouger, Peter Cok, Thomas Top, Richard Taillour, Edward Trusse, John Emery, Robert Bailiff of Tewardreyt, John Cornyssh, John Tregu, John Porthalou, the younger, Odo Pierres, John Harry, Henry Tudman, Ralph Oliver, Ralph Cok, John Tomud, John Wille, Richard Cok, Richard Stodele, Walter Wynkele, John Laengard, Robert Lybob, John Kelyob, Roger atte Mulle, John Waryn, David Cok, William Dawe, John Crerk, Odo Greyk, Walter Greyk, Thomas Davy, John Denyel, John Hobkyn, William Gillc, William Bakiere, William Bowerewe, William atte Welle, Robert Possebery, Nicholas Cok, James Taxeney of Fawy, Laurence Skracy, William Fissher, John Lawydelle, John Huwet, John Hora, William Horewode, William Scot, Roger Hell, Thomas Prege, William Holewi1le, Adam Taillour, [p. 171:] Hugh Taillour, Henry Stonard, John Venour, John Porthalawode, the elder, John Dawe of Loo, John Tregewe, William Scarlet, John Kendale atte Coumb, John Pole of Bodmyn, William Flecchere, Thomas Gwyk, 'taillour,' Stephen Demeforde, William Gurdon, William Honyngton, William Whitchirch, John Hobbs of Polruan, John Mewesewe, John Vincent, John Bernard, William Bewerewe, the younger, John Caperoun, John Stoke of Coumb, John Lercedeakne, 'chivaler,' Richard Wythead, Robert Sampson, Thomas Pirok, Richard Peel, John Plays, William Wekays, William Aissh, John atte Wore, the elder, John atte Wore, the younger, William Thornyng, Roger Stone, Geoffrey Wynke legh, Reynold Tavystok, Ralph Seton, Richard Totewille, Maurice Gladwyn, John Moris, John Rounde, Philip Durne ford, Richard Skelly, Thomas Rayn, Richard Trobba, Robert Lomlegh, William Penylok, William Herbard, John Serle, Henry Sare, John Pipere, Richard de Chestre, William de Portlond, William Glas, John Penbrok, John Hauekyn, William Noyter, John Wydecomb, Richard Wydecomb, Simon Carpenter, William Carpenter, William Criour, John Castel, Thomas Mosbury, John Monk, John Paywell, William Massy, John Artour, John Scot, Ralph Helyere, John Ropere, John Pynho, Thomas Peynton, William Totewill, Richard Norman, Roger Wekays, John Offord, Walter Tenghere, John Shap, Thomas Episwich, John Hasewe, John Boghiere, John Coterel, Richard Wadisworthi, Richard Ston, David Kylmenand, Walter Shepestowe, Nicholas Medwill, Thomas Masoun, John Portlond, John de Fawy, Thomas Vincent, John Adam, Thomas Don, Thomas Russel, John Holman, William Okelegh, Robert Hopere, Andrew Carpenter of Dertemuth, Ralph Sopere, Thomas Boterescastel, Richard Peche, Richard Chambernoun, John Knyght, Simon Deyngel, Walter Pleghe, William Sadeler, Walter Sadeler, Walter Tamerton, John Kete, Thomas Bounda, John Poundfold, Roger Besta, Thomas Vacy, William Wyte, John Mathern, Luke Doyngnel, John Tonge, John Sarra, John Blog, Nicholas Raundel, John Knyght, the younger, Walter Guolde, John Vora, Henry Tote, Simon Fay, Richard Penenesheghe, Bernard Jaan, Robert Lokyere, Walter Warrewyk, John Boghiere, the younger, William Flete, Gilbert Uppehull, William Ropere, John Roode, Nicholas Hurt, John Nyweman, William Rena, John Fisshere, John Payn, Richard Adam, John Cornewaille, William Abel, William Stoke, Stephen Fleg, Richard Blog, Robert atte Wore, John Hopere, Stephen Forslegh, William Hureward, Roger Caperon, John Bovy, Philip Tavener, Reynold Cantel, John Gregge, David Peyntour, Walter Leche, Geoffrey Sadeler, William Glovyere, John Skollyng, John Greta, Robert Doffa, Reynold Elys, Robert Galney, Edmund Ferrers, Robert Taillour, Robert Thecchere, William Savage, John Wakelyn, John Elys, Gilbert Kyng, John Gernesie, John Shadelok, William Mate, ‘Villiam Wytebigel, William Radelegh, John Colvere, John Mareys, John German, John Gest, Robert Bele, John Herman, William Deghere, William Pilche, Walter atte Howe, Richard Hureward, Robert Lymere, Robert Ives, John Wyot, Philip Elys, John Lange, John Halselegh, William Goffa, John Closhely, Roger Syse, John Swet, John Corbour, Robert Corbour, Robert Trolla, John Trolla, Richard Pegou, William Stevyn, Robert Carpenter, John Carpenter, John Wellifet, John Blake, Robert Austyn, John Socour, Walter Kecitson, John Edmund, [p. 172:] John Bastard, Richard Averay, William Stratton, Walter Rauf, Richard Bole, Warin Torryng, Henry Armurer, Richard Wyte legh, Richard Berard, Thomas Persoun, Richard Durant, John Halswille, John Bonde, Richard Mossel, John Edward, William Clofhely, John Cosyn, Robert Horle, Henry Machon, Edward Pedon, John Bernard, Richard Cras, William Boghiere, and others, carried away 200 barrels of his wine and other goods at Penryn, co. Cornwall, and assaulted his men and servants at Lostwythiel. By K.[6]

1374 - William Scarlet of Southampton

[4 Feb. 1374:]
Appointment of William Bacon, mayor of Suthampton, William Mauneshull, bailiff thereof, Thomas Hoywode and William Scarlet [p. 406:] to take twenty hewers of stone in the county of Southampton for the works of the walls of the said town, put them to the works at the wages of the men of the town, there to stay as long as shall be necessary, and arrest all who are contrariant and commit them to prison until they find security to serve on the works.[7]

1450 - William Scarlet of Dersingham

[24 Oct. 1447:]
Thomas Halle late of Walpol, alias Walpoll, co. Norfolk, 'yoman,' for not appearing before the justices of the Bench to answer William Scarlet of Dessyngham, 'mercer,' touching a debt of 7l. London.[8]

1493 - Lands formerly belonging to William Scarlet

terram quond' Willelmi Scarlet

[IRHB translation:]

the land formerly belonging to William Scarlet[9]

Also see


  1. Healey, Charles E.H. Chadwyck, ed. Somersetshire Pleas (Civil and Criminal), from the Rolls of the Itinerant Justices (Close of the 12th Century–41 Henry III.) (Somerset Record Society, vol. XI) (London, 1897), p. 298.
  2. [Black, J.G., ed.; Martin, C.T., ed.; Maxwell-Lyte, Henry Churchill, introd.]. Patent Rolls of the Reign of Henry III. preserved in the Public Record Office. A.D. 1216-1225. (London; Edinburgh; Dublin, 1901), p. 520.
  3. [Hinds, Allen B., ed.; Maxwell-Lyte, Henry Churchill, introd.] Calendar of the Close Rolls preserved in the Public record Office: Edward III. [Vol. I.] A.D. 1339-1341 (London, 1901), p. 196.
  4. [Isacson, Robert F., compil.; Maxwell-Lyte, Henry Churchill, introd.; Dawes, M.C.B., index.]. Calendar of the Patent Rolls, preserved in the Public Record Ofice. Edward III. Vol. XII. A.D. 1361–1364 (London; Edinburgh; Dublin, 1912), p. 496.
  5. [Isacson, Robert F., compil.; Maxwell-Lyte, Henry Churchill, introd.; Dawes, M.C.B., index.]. Calendar of the Patent Rolls, preserved in the Public Record Ofice. Edward III. Vol. XIII. A.D. 1364–1367 (London; Edinburgh; Dublin, 1912), pp. 76-78, p. 76 quoted.
  6. [Isaacson, Robert F., compil.; Maxwell-Lyte, Henry Churchill, introd.; Dawes, M.C.B., index.]. Calendar of the Patent Rolls, preserved in the Public Record Ofice. Edward III. Vol. XV. A.D. 1370–1374 (London; London and Cardiff; Edinburgh; Dublin, 1914), pp. 170-72.
  7. [Isaacson, Robert F., compil.; Maxwell-Lyte, Henry Churchill, introd.; Dawes, M.C.B., index.]. Calendar of the Patent Rolls, preserved in the Public Record Ofice. Edward III. Vol. XV. A.D. 1370–1374 (London; London and Cardiff; Edinburgh; Dublin, 1914), pp. 405-406.
  8. [Bland, A.E., compil.; Isaacson, Robert F., compil.; Maxwell-Lyte, Henry Churchill, introd.]. Calendar of the Patent Rolls, preserved in the Public Record Ofice. Henry VI. Vol. V. A.D. 1446–1452. (London; Edinburgh; Dublin, 1906), p. 294.
  9. Reaney, P.H. The Place-Names of Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely (English Place-Name Society, vol. XIX) (Cambridge, 1943), p, 123 n. 3.