|First Record||c. 1450|
By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2013-08-07. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2018-10-18.
Nottingham, the hometown of the sheriff, is the (or a) locale in the vast majority of Robin Hood ballads, beginning with Robin Hood and the Monk (c. 1450). First recorded as "Snotengaham" in A.D. 895, the accepted etymology of "Nottingham" is "[t]he ham [homestead] of the people of Snot", the latter being a man's name.
Veni Nottingam, tyrones
Sherwoodenses sunt Latrones,
Instar Robin Hood & Servi
Scarlet, & Johannes Parvi;
Passim, sparsim peculantur,
Cellis, Sylvis deprædantur.
Thence to Nottingam, where rovers
High-way riders, Sherwood drovers,
Like old Robin-Hood, and Scarlet,
Or like Little John his varlet;
Here and there they shew them doughty,
Cells and Woods to get their booty.
- Dobson, R.B., ed.; Taylor, J., ed. Rymes of Robyn Hood: an Introduction to the English Outlaw (London, 1976), pp. 300-301.
- Gover, J.E.B.; Mawer, Allen; Stenton, F.M. The Place-Names of Nottinghamshire (English Place-Name Society, vol. XVII) (Cambridge, 1940), p. 13.
- 6" O.S. map Nottinghamshire XLII.NW (1885; surveyed 1880-81)
- 6" O.S. map Nottinghamshire XLII.NW (1899; rev. 1901)
- 6" O.S. map Nottinghamshire XLII.NW (1920; rev. 1919)
- 6" O.S. map Nottinghamshire XLII.NW (c. 1947; rev. 1938).
- Gover, J.E.B.; Mawer, Allen; Stenton, F.M. The Place-Names of Nottinghamshire (English Place-Name Society, vol. XVII) (Cambridge, 1940), p. 13. IRHB's brackets. Italics and bold type as in source
- Braithwaite, Richard. Barnabæ Itinerarium, or Barnabee's Journal [...] With a Life of the Author, a Bibliographical Introduction to the Itinerary, and a Catalogue of His Works, ed. Joseph Haslewood (London, 1820), vol. II, pp. 38-39.
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Nottingham skyline from Sneinton / John Sutton, 6 May 2016, Creative Commons via Geograph.