"Public house","Establishment","Public house","Establishment","Establishment",
"Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name","Robin Hood name",
By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2017-02-21. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2017-02-27.
The Historic Counties Trust describes Cumberland as follows:
Cumberland must be looked at in two parts, a highland area and a lowland, coastal area. The hills of Cumberland form a great part of the exquisite Lake District. Derwentwater, Buttermere and Crummockwater, Ennerdale Water, Wast Water, and part of Ullswater lie in Cumberland. Above them rise mountains, including England's highest mountain, Scafell Pike (3,210 feet). Also within Cumberland are Scafell, Skiddaw, Great Gable and Pillar. This is prime walking country for hardy souls. Beyond the green Eden valley, the Penines cross the east of Cumberland, with Cross Pell, 2,930 feet, the highest. In the north is Carlisle, a cathedral city, whose massive castle and fortifications against the Scots still dominate much of the town. In the rest of Cumberland fortified churches and "peel houses" are found, built as a defence not so much against the Scots as against reivers, who terrorised the border country before the Union. Cumberland's coast has industrial towns, though industry has faded, leaving urban deprivation a problem, particularly in Whitehaven which was once a major port for the Atlantic trade. The Sellafield nuclear power station at Seascale is a major employer.
Main Towns: Alston, Brampton, Cockermouth, Carlisle, Keswick, Maryport, Penrith, Whitehaven, Wigton, Workington.
Main Rivers: Eden, Derwent, Esk, Duddon.
Highlights: Carlile Castle & Cathedral; Castellrigg & Long Meg and her Daughters stone circles; Hadrien's Wall; Scafell Pike.
Highest Point: Scafell Pike, 978.41 m.
Area: 3926.42 km2.
Robin Hood-related place-names first documented in the 19th century.
Clusters of Robin Hood place-names, localities with local traditions, literary locales etc. in Cumberland.
Lists and gazetteers
- Dobson, R.B., ed.; Taylor, J., ed. Rymes of Robyn Hood: an Introduction to the English Outlaw (London, 1976), p. 295
- Armstrong, A.M.; Mawer, A.; Stenton, F.M.; Dickins, Bruce. The Place-Names of Cumberland (English Place-Name Society, vols. XX-XXII). Reprinted. Cambridge, 1971).
- The Historic Counties Trust has kindly allowed me to quote its county descriptions in toto. I have converted square miles to km2 and feet to m.