1904 - Smith, Worthington George - Dunstable (2)

From International Robin Hood Bibliography
Date 1904
Author Smith, Worthington George
Title Dunstable
Mentions Ivinghoe (Leighton Buzzard); Ivanhoe
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Ivinghoe (Leighton Buzzard).

By Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2020-09-13. Revised by Henrik Thiil Nielsen, 2021-01-17.


 "Tring, Wing and Ivinghoe." The earliest authority for the rhyme:—

"Tring, Wing and Ivingo
The (these) Hampden did forgo
For striking of a blow
And glad he could 'scape so,"

is in the return made by John Yale, rector of Great Hampden to Willis's circular of interrogations, 1712. Yale says: "There is an antient Tradition of King Edward 3rd and his son Edward, the black prince's being entertained at Hampden. But the Prince and Hampden exercising themselves in feats of Chivalry, they differed and grew so hot that Hampden struck the Prince on the face, which made the King and prince go away in great wrath upon which came this rhyme."

The story is fiction made to fit an old rhyme, the lines are probably from a royalist ballad and indicate that Hampden must be dislodged, and Tring, Wing and Ivinghoe held by the royalists. There are many modern variants of the rhyme. Sir Walter Scott borrowed the last of the three place-names for his novel Ivanhoe, and printed the stanza in his preface, somewhat incorrectly, as he wrote from local tradition.[1]




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